Ukraine has its own rocket forces of special purposes. But all nuclear weapons were moved from the country in 1990s and only one base was saved and soon became a museum. This is not just an exposition of rocket engines, it is the command post located deeply under the ground. Several details of the infrastructure are still operational and real missiles didn’t lose their military might. This base or museum is located in the village Pobugskoe that is famous for the iron nickel plant.
Former officers like to visit this place most of all.
Working hours in the museum are 10.00-17.00 without days off.
The old rocket R-12 was added to the armoury in 1959 and was the first Soviet strategical missile.
Of course, it is beyond comparison with modern ones as it required 100 litres of fuel for a second of working.
A guide tells the history of the 43th Soviet missile army.
The first intercontinental ballistic missile P-16 was able to reach the USA from the USSR territory. In 1960 its test was hold in Baikonur, but unfortunately the rocket fired and about a hundred people died.
The map of the Pervomaisk base, different control panels, models of the command unit and rockets.
The fuel filler’s suit. The rocket fuel is one of the strongest poisons: a drop of it on the skin entails the death.
The command post. It looks small, but all important objects are hidden under the ground.
The long corridor (155 metres) with lots of communication and utility lines on walls.
The entrance to the module with huge doors. Red lines indicate the place where one should not stay or doors simply squash him.
The dummy of the command module. Its length is 33 metres, width-3,3 metres, weight-120 tones. In case of a nuclear war this construction may exist autonomously during 45 days.
The upper area of the module.
A bottomless silo.
A command post includes two or three men. This is the place for a pilot who could press just one button…and destroy big cities.
All the system was controlled from Moscow. Only the president, the chief of the General Staff or the Commander in Chief were able to activate the launching button.
The dwelling compartment.
The atmosphere here is very difficult: the high pressure, the stuffy and cold air, the deadly silence, the metal smell and practically no life signs.
Doors for coming out.
The freezing center with the superpower cooling system maintains the temperature in modules and silos.
The silo top.
The tractors MAZ-537 serve for the extraction of a module from a silo.
And for its transporting.
The most terrible thing in the world is such a nuclear warhead.
The missile cover weighs 120 tones.
A liquidated silo with a power unit and an automotive security system.
The rocket RS-20 called “Voivode” or “Satan”.
It was added to the armoury in 1980.
The process of fuel fillings lasts for several minutes. Such rockets can serve for decades.
The warhead power is 550-770 kilotones. To compare: 13 and 18 kilotones fell on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. So the name “Satan” is more than reasonable.
Cruise missiles, tanks and cannons. If a nuclear war took place, the USSR would have been a conqueror, but at the same time it probably would have been the only one country remained in the world.