The Kursk nuclear power plant is located in Kurchatov near Kursk. The plant consists of 4 power units with the whole power of 4 Gw.
Energetic blocks started operation in 1976-1985. This nuclear power plant became the second plant with reactors RBMK-1000 after the one in Leningrad launched in 1973. The construction of the 5th unit suspended in the middle of 2000s.
The Kursk plant is the closest analog of the plant in Chernobyl.
A war is an engine for progress. Who would spend a lot of money for atomic reactors if there was not the armament drive. The first Soviet reactors served for plutonium making. A lot of heat emitted during this process. Firstly it was discharged with refrigerators when it was decided to construct the first experimental nuclear plant. And this mission was thrown on the Obninsk nuclear power plant built in 1951-1954. Its reactor was uranium-graphite.
The first energetic block with the uranium-graphite reactor appeared in 1973 in the Leningrad plant, then such blocks were constructed in the Kursk nuclear plant but taking into account increased requirements for safety. The startup of the first energetic unit in the Kursk plant was in 1976, the second in 1979, the third in 1983 and the fourth in 1985.
The emergency staff of direction and connection that may function even in cases of serious damages on the plant territory.
All workers and excursionists go through a radiation counter with scintillation detectors.
The whole territory is divided into the clean and dirty parts. In the second part there may be sources of radiation so before going there everybody should change his clothes no matter who he is: a guest or a head.
Very long corridors with countless number of lockers for automatic giving out of dosimeters.
Every worker should always have a personal dosimeter. If the radiation level is high a worker is removed for a year. But there haven’t been such cases yet.
The room for power grids direction.
Do not switch on! People are working!
The Kursk nuclear power plant gives the electricity to 9 channels for energy supply in the region and in Ukraine and for reserve supply and for its own needs.
Blocks for the direction of signalization and fire extinguishing.
The main room is the control panel of the energetic blocks.
Unbelievable number of buttons, switches. Is it possible to remember all of them?
To work here one should have a higher education and study for a year or more in the training center in the plant.
A worker’s shift lasts for 8 hours. The salary is 60000 rubles (2000 dollars).
The reserve control panel for a case of emergency.
Signalization of deep streams.
Generators with water and hydrogen cooling.
The reactors hall is the heart of the plant.
The technological channel is the pipe construction with heat-generating objects.
The uploading and loading machine for nuclear power.