ZIL museum is a very interesting place, but is not available for everybody. Guides here have a talent to narrate, passion for their work but also a very hard work schedule. So only students and those who are free from 9 a.m. till 15 p.m. on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday can get here.
The automobile factory history begins from a glade on Moscow outskirts in 1916. Its first name was Automobile Factory AMS ( Automobile Factory Society) and its founders were a family of Russian manufacturers, the Ryabushinsky. The factory planned to make the 1,5 tonne truck after a model of 1915.
But the revolution changed all these plans. In 1918 the factory was passed on to the government. The first manager was Dmitry Bondarev.
In 1918-1923 the plant repaired foreign trucks and cars. The most popular one was the American truck White.
Manufacturers even wanted to make these trucks but then decided to make “Fiat-15” which was lighter.
The automobile factory was restored and in 1924 the first 1,5 tons truck AMO-F-15 was constructed.
The award for good running.
The bus ZIS-8 (1934-1938)
The award for the good work.
The cemetery of broken instruments.
The caricature about the ZIL factory.
The pilot`s award.
Assembling of the luxury car ZIS-101,1938.
During the Great Patriotic War the factory made not only weapons but also the main war car.
The truck ZIS-5V. Its construction was made considering the shortage of materials, but the car preserved its solidity. Metal was replaced by wood and the truck had only one headlight.
After the war the factory continued to make trucks and started to manufacture buses…
And also bicycles and fridges.
These fridges worked from 1953 without any repair.
A bicycle fragment.
The city bus ZIL-158
ZIS-127 on the southern sea coast in the Crimea.
The truck ZIL-130 and the car ZIL-157 with high cross-country ability.
The truck ZIL-170 or KAMAZ 5320. Its the factory ZIL that started treir manufacturing.
The minibus “Unost” (1961).
2000 buses were planned to be made but only 5 were really manufactured.
ZIL fridges are another story…