The Archaeological Museum “Berestie”

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Do you remember when you were in a museum for the last time? Most likely, you do not. So lets visit the museum “Berestie” in Brest fortress (Byelorussia).

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

The museum is located on the cape, where there is also the kremlin of this old city.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

It was opened in 1982. The museum is a marquee of modern architecture that covers excavations.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

A boulder with a cross cut out in it.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

One of the latest find – hearth remains of the 10th century.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Big excavations of a handicraft area of the XIII century are made at the depth of 4 metres. Building remains are preserved, of course, but still they are roting. But it does not matter. Only a small part of the ancient city is excavated.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

There are 20 log houses.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Two buildings have even saved their 12 row of beams. You can see them in the background.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Two planking streets cross the excavations.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

The plankings preserved 6 layers.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Berestie is one of the most ancient cities in Byelorussia.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

This city was a fortress on the borderline of Slavic and Polish lands, an important transit path, a handicraft and trade center. The city was planned with quarters.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"<p

Wooden walls on earth banks and defensive moats protected the city from enemies. In the ХIII century a brick defensive turret and a church appeared there.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

The city area was about 4 hectares and the population was 1,5-2 thousand people.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Entrances to izbas were raised under the ground. You should bend down and step over the threshold to enter a house.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Doors and ladders which were found during the excavations.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

The interior decoration has neither variety nor finish. It is worth attention that people lived exactly in izbas not in huts as it is in Western Byelorussia nowadays.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

A cramped room could be heated by such a small stove. But where is smoke?

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Tableware was made by local artisans.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Works of Berestie smiths.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Arms, stirrups, a spur, a lock with a very strange principle of operation.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

A perfectly preserved instrument.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

You should yourselves guess the purpose of these two planks.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

The impressively looking footwear. They are almost like modern shoes.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Fashion children boots from summer-autumn collection of 1267.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

With wavy edges.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Remains of woollen cloth.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Motley glass bracelets are nearly as modern ones.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Siver and gold adornments.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Christianity items. And there were heathen subjects : sharpened colored animal teeth.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Different things : a comb, a kitchen knife, a hairpin of a tooth.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Parts of a medieval cow, which was smaller than modern one.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

And in the end some nasty things.

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

Remains of a cat, dog, a horse and a aurochs…

The Archaeological Museum "Berestie"

a boar, a wolf and a beaver.

If some ill wind would brought you to the western boundary, visit this museum. It is near the Holm gate, one of the main Berestie sights.

Location : Berestie


via antares_610

12 thoughts on “The Archaeological Museum “Berestie””

  1. “This city was a fortress on the borderline of Slavic and Polish lands, an important transit path, a handicraft and trade center.”

    Poles belong to the Western Slavs (Lechitic group). So you can say that it was a borderline between Poland and Rus (a general name, might be too broad) or West and East Slavs.

    • Oh no, Piotrek, we can’t be Slavic – we’re not orthodox, we don’t use cyrillic alphabet and we don’t think Russia should rule over all the Slavic countries 😀
      I’m not kidding unfortunately, I’ve heard that many times in Russia and Ukraine…
      Pozdrawiam 🙂

  2. This place would be an awesome arena for gladatorial games.

    Nobody better say “or paintball”

    Paintball is nothing compared to real sword fighting.

  3. “Do you remember when you were in a museum for the last time?”
    Haha, yes, it was yesterday. Dear English Russia, don’t underestimate the interest in cultural things by your readers. I think a lot of them come here just because of that, not only to see blacked-out titteys of femen or wicked road acciednet.
    Stay as interesting as you are!

  4. Amazing! Thank you.

    That big rock was probably sacred in the old pagan religion, hence the need to carve the cross in it to dominate the old ways with Christianity.

    • There are many different types of crosses and actually some Pagan people’s used them before Christians started too. I’m no expert but maybe it was as simple as marking a rock like that with a cross like that to tell who’s country or kingdom it belonged to at a particular time. Maybe someone who really knows will come along and tell us.

      Now I’m off to find a Basque Sun pictures in that school someone said the Jesuits started or maintained.

  5. Interesting photographs, thanks for that at least. We could of all done without the smartazz comments that turned out to be not so smart after all. If you don’t like your life, maybe you should try getting a new one instead of trying to take your unhappiness out on those of us who visit EnglishRussia. I doubt Mr. EnglishRussia would approve of such an attitude directed at us ER readers.

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