Ulyanovsk TTP-1 was launched in 1946 and first belonged under the automobile plant evacuated from Gorky, which is now UAZ. In this photo-excursion we’ll try to show the operating principle of a TTP in a few words.
In graduation towers water, involved into the technological cycle, is cooled. A graduation tower is like a big shower without a roof – water is spattered from the top, cooled and poured into the pipe. The electric capacity of the plant is 435 megawatt, but only in winter due to the proper water cooling. In summer the capacity is lower.
And this smoke goes from the parent pipe (its height is about 180 m) because of fuel consumption. Every day about 1000 tons of oil-fuel is combusted here.
The conference room.
The turbine department – a very huge and noisy place.
A steam converter.
Manometers and steam in the background.
A turbine-driven generator
The circulators pump water for cooling.
A turbine with a generator. The turbine speed is indicated on the display panel – 3000 RPM.
A cyclorama – the first 180 degrees…
…and the second.
Control and monitoring panel. Inside the cabin is not as loud as in the department.
A boiler furnace. The walls of the boiler consist of pipes across which water circulates. Inside burn gas and oil-fuel. Then the superheated steam under high pressure is driven into the turbine, and its blades begin to rotate. A turbine shaft is connected with a generator that produces electricity. After that the steam is used to heat the water.
Oil-fuel burns at a temperature of 4532 F!
Attention – vapor pressure up to 155 atmospheres.
Burner device operating panel.
Computer monitoring systems.