Tribal towers of Ingush are the main sight of the Ingush republic. The towers’ architecture is unique. More often they were built on tops of rocks because they were used not only as defensive or dwelling constructions, but also as alarm towers. The choice of places was also defined on the ground of economy of the fertile earth.
The semibattle dwelling towers – structures intended both for habitation and for defence. Usually they have 3-4 floors, the first was used as a shed, on the second floor a hearth and a bedroom took place, on the third and the fourth there were rooms for visitors and pantries. In the center of an inhabited tower usually there was a rod post made of processed stone – it was holding up the floor beams.
The hearth was the most important and significant place in strengthened dwellings. Here a family cooked food, discussed important questions, ate and had a rest. This place was especially significant and was carefully preserved. Over the hearth people gave oaths, quite often forgave deadly enemies.
Last floor of the towers was quite often used for defense – the walls of the top floor towered above the roof, forming a parapet. It considerably strengthened fighting possibilities of the defenders of the tower which acted from roof.
Battle towers have on the average 5-6 circles (the highest have up to seven), small area of the basis and inclined walls. The earliest towers were built without cement solution, later sand and limy solution began to be widely used. The towers were usually built of stone, and flagstone fragments.
Clay was also used for the building. As to wooden details firm wood, for example, oak was appreciated. In a tower, structures of floors, doors, locks and portable ladders were wooden.
On the right there is a dwelling tower, on the right – two battle ones.