Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

An idea to adjust transport means to move over snow appeared long ago.

First snowmobile was built in Russia in 1904 by an engineer S.S. Nezhdanovsky. It was a light model with an internal-combustion engine equipped with an aerodynamic propeller.

Already in 1907 Y.A. Meller made and tested “a skiing mobile”¬† and a year later this vehicle was called “a motor sleigh”. Igor Sikorsky contributed much to snowmobiles development as well.

First snowmobile of Igor Sikorsky.

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Second snowmobile of Sikorsky.

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

St. Petersburg’s snowmobiles, postcard dated 1914

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Snowmobile of viscount De Lisle

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Development of Russian engineers was invaluable for Russia with its vast territories where snowy winter lasts many months. For some North areas only this transport was available.

Since 1924 aluminium models of snowmobiles were started to be produced. The construction of the vehicle became much lighter and simpler.

A. N. Tupolev made a major contribution to the development of snowmobile transport in Russia, his model made of special type of aluminium became classic.

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Snowmobile transportation wasn’t more expensive than cars tranportation. Max. speed – 50km/h, average fuel consumption for 100km – 46kg.

Snowmobiles were widely used by the Russian army.

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Snowmobile NKL-16 by captain Prokhorov, winter, 1943.

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Snowmobile in a square of Gzhatsk, 1942-43

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Scouts and NKL-16, winter 1942-43

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Medical snowmobile NKL-16, model of 1937

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Snowmobile RF-8 (GAZ-98)  in battle, 1943

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Diagram

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

German soldiers are studying a captured snowmobile, 1943.

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Snowmobile NKL-26 in “summer shoes”, June 1944

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

1961 is the year when Russians produced the first amphibian snowmobile – A-3, their serial production started in 1964 and lasted for 25 years.

Snowmobile “North-2” and Ka-30 developed by K. B. Kamov in 1963.

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Snowmobile mounted on “Pobeda”

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

They could be comfortable.

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

However not only snowmobiles were used in the USSR as transport means moving over snow. These are Arctic off-road vehicles  for more complicated tasks.

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Smaller ones

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

These trucks were used for military purposes and highly important expeditions.

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

“Youth’s Equipment”, 1940

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

No other country has such machines, they are unique as spaceships, as a super computer of the future generation.

DT-30P, lifting capacity 30 tons, an amphibian vehicle

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Arctic off-road vehicle “Kharkovchanka”, it was widely used by polar explorers. Some pics of the vehicle…

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

These wonderful machines complete difficult tasks even today!

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment

via timemechanic

11 thoughts on “Unusual Soviet Snowmobile Equipment”

  1. Very cool pictures. Some pretty interesting designs that have molded how snowmobiles are built today. Thanks for the upload…

    • Use open propellor vehicle on the Streets in europe, and you will be shot down by anti-terrorist squad before you can say”look at me”.

  2. Makes me think of the days of my youth in New England USA. We did the same things with our stuff then. Look at the way the units are pictured and you can see we were all proud of what was made. Wish we could have that part of it back. I love seeing inside Russia now and realize just what was missing then. Both sides were so innovative we really did give up so many things by trying to fight over the untouchables. Thank you for this site from western USA.

  3. Antartic Snow Cruiser was not soviet! It was an american vehicle. It was a massive failure and did not work at all in Antartic. And there were only one.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antarctic_Snow_Cruiser

Leave a Comment