“Micron” factory was built in Zelenograd in the 1960s to develop industrial production of Russian integrated circuits. “Micron” is the largest microelectronic company in Russia and the CIS countries according to sales volume.
Silicon looks like this. It’s a natural semiconductor.
Silicon is a main material for integrated circuits.
Silicon is melted and then a special core is inserted in it, the mass is cooled and the melted silicon crystallizes around this core.
The cylinder is “chopped” into thin plates.
Some parts are corroded to have such a workpiece
“Micron” factory produces all types of cards: transport, discount, cash, insurance and medical ones, ski-passes and chips for passports.
Do you see chip spots made by a robot?
The robot makes these spots here.
Monthly ticket for November
Changing the roll
The rolls are put into such synthetic packing, the final product is cheaper than plastic analogues.
The next shop
Back to the silicon cylinder. Do you remember the plate that was cut off? The thinner it’s made, the better.
A disk will be taken by a robot.
Taken by the second robot
Watching the thinning process
The processed disk. Little squares smaller than 1 mm2 are Radio Frequency IDentification chips – RFID chips. They are used in smart cards of the Moscow metro.
Testing final products
Process of testing is seen on the screen: unfit sectors are red, grey ones aren’t checked yet.
Under this “hood” is a disk being tested. They use microscopes – details are so small. Nanotechnology!