The Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant

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The Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant is situated in Udomlya city of the Tver Region. Recently two units of the plant have been deactivated. It had never happened before.

Let us make a photo excursion on the territory of this huge plant to get some more details.

The building of “Svetlitsa” hotel is one of the highest in the city and the power plant can be perfectly observed from there. The city itself resembles Slavutitch town, the youngest in Ukraine.

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Impressive public information center of the power plant.

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Friendly staff and atmosphere in here.

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Plan of the safe routes along the territory of the plant.

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Map of the city, various awards …

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Show room of the center is also rather large.

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It has many exhibits such as ancient radiometers …

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Here is a wonderful model of the station.

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And these photos have been taken in “Elemash” machine building plant in Electrostal city. The plant produces the fuel element (the main structural element of the heterogeneous reactor active area containing nuclear fuel), i.e. fuel assembly for power units of Russia, Europe and fleet. A bit off the topic, but too impressive and must be shown.

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Some radiation defense stands.

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Structures of power production in Russia and in the world.

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One more amuzing stand – the kettle steam rotates the generator turbine and the generator supplies the building with energy. It is a real pearl for any physics classroom!

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And here is a wonderful VVER-1000 that replaced RBMK-1000 since 1986. It is considered to be more safe due to its absolutely different construction.  By the way, Canada uses reactors similar to the Chernobyl ones and isn’t going to replace them.

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The stand demonstrating superiority of atomic energy over others.

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Power line tube

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Some posters

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22 thoughts on “The Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant”

  1. A. Bunka here. Today is a special anniversary. Today in 1939 two monsters made a pact. The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. The USSR made it possible for Hitler’s Germany to continue its conquest of Europe by giving Germany a pass on the eastern front. A secret codicial of this pact featured the USSR stabbing their slavic brothers, the Poles, in the back, and sharing the spoils with their new friend, NAZI Germany.

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  2. Such poverty. The inside of my high school shop class looked more high tech than this, and why are they running Windows to run a nuclear reactor? I’m shaking my head looking at these pictures. 🙁

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  3. Such poverty. The inside of my high school shop class looked more high tech than this, and why are they using Windows to run a nuclear reactor? I’m shaking my head looking at these pictures. 🙁

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  4. That “award” looks like the deformed hand of fate. What the hell is it?

    Has Russia started using containment buildings yet? I can’t tell.

    But this is the wrong way to go about using nukes. Forget the big guys. The nukes on subs have proven quite safe. They need to use lots of smaller plants like the ones on subs. Each city is still connected so other plants can help supply larger cities and take up the slack.

    May be a little harder to implement, but I think it’s much safer.

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    • Military reactors, in the west, have a fixed life. They cannot be inspected or renewed. When they reach their time limit, they are trucked to a storage site in Nevada and abandoned. In the east, they were taken to spot in the North sea and dumped. Imagine if every city replaced their nuclear reactor every 20 years, on average, and sent the used one to Nevada or dumped it in the ocean.
      In this case, bigger is better.

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  5. how dose one go about trying to decide the safe life of the plant? can they run forever if you replace each part as it wears out?

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  6. I worked on two nuclear power plants in Canada, and we were told that the ‘Candu’ reactors were unique, and safer than any other system. Very expensive to install!

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  7. The Canadian system, Candu, is the only type of its’ kind. Their reactors use heavy water (H3O) as a moderator and coolant. The RBMK uses a graphite moderator and light water for cooling. Candu plants were also designed with containment structures. Chernobyl was not, nor are any other RBMK plant.

    However, both systems use natural uranium for fuel (as apposed to enriched), and both can be refuelled without shutting down the reactor.

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    • As kold-cult says, CANDU uses heavy water as a moderator. Graphite moderators have a number of problems, including burning; as I recall Chernobyl a) did not have a containment (which all western reactors have) b) had a runaway reaction related to the moderator.

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  8. “The turbine rotates with speed 2999-3001 RPS.”
    Turbine at 3000 rps would be killed by centrifugal force, it is 3000 rpm.

    m=mili, M=Mega, there is “couple” levels of magnitude difference between them, 9 to be exact.

    There are other small mistakes as well.

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  9. It’s a modern VVER nuclear plant , like PWR in Western design.
    I have been working in BWR plant for 2 years , these pictures
    are very interesting. all systems look like digital ,very impresses.

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