Over a hundred years there is an argument in the world concerning real radio inventor. But one needs to do a little research to make it clear that Marconi had simply read Popov’s papers.
The first known evidence for Marconi to be the radio inventor appeared on June 2, 1896 with his patent application to the UK Patent Office for a discovery, 13 months after Popov had delivered his lecture on radio themes before the Russian Physical and Chemical Society members in St. Petersburg on May 7, 1895. That secret patent application #12039, inspired as they say by the UK Patent Office’s Principal examiner William Preece, the Chief Electrical Engineer of the British Post Office, however contained no diagrams and charts performed by Marconi himself but his lyrical sketches only.
Due to the fact Marconi was a half-educated person in physics he was greatly helped by the attached telegraphy specialist, electrical engineer George S. Kemp. The results of their double-work called sometimes “curious” cannot be sorted out even by the present specialists without having A.S.Popov’s layouts and diagrams as explanations before their eyes.
Furthermore while demonstrating his wireless communication system with remote parabolic antennas to the British Post Office’s managing staff and ordinary employees on July 27, 1896 Marconi failed to transmit/receive Morse code dots and dashes though electrical impulses transmission was documented. Later on Marconi performed a series of larger scale demonstrations resulted nevertheless in rather questionable outcomes.
His second patent #12325 Marconi got on May 27, 1899. It was partially similar to the first one #12039 as regards to the elements design and it described several innovative decisions applied for his wireless transmission system which were questionable again.
For justice’ sake Marconi acknowledged certain theoretical and practical groundlessness of his work while among his colleagues. During Nobel Prize Award ceremony he said, “There are solid grounds for frequent criticizing me for that assertion concerning signals transmission through the earth and water stated in my first British patent dated June 2, 1896, I suppose.”
In “Wireless telegraphy” by A.Rigi and B.Dessau they wrote, “Marconi submitted his first patent application on June 2, 1896 while Popov had described his apparatus in 1895. Therefore Marconi cannot lay claims to priority wrt essential elements of his devices; he’s been late with his invention.”
Photo credits: 1