We are starting our Russian oldtimers review with Chaika GAZ 13. This was an elite car, not for sale for common people in USSR, only for Communist party leaders.
Chaika GAZ 13
Years of production: 1959-1981
Overall production: 3179 examlpes (only some 20 universals GAZ-13S and few cabriolets GAZ-13B (1961-1962))
Body: 7-seater 4-door limousine, 2- or 4-door cabriolet, 5-door universal (ambulance)
Engine: 195hp/4400rpm, V8-cyl, 4-tact 5,526cc
Compression ratio: 8.5:1
Length: 5600mm, width: 2000mm, height: 1620mm
Front wheel track: 1540 mm
Rear track: 1540 (1530?)mm
Rear axle clearance: 210mm
Turning radius: 7.8m
Cold clearance between tappet and valve stem: intake – 0,25-0,30 mm, exhaust – 0,25-0,30 mm
Gearbox: 3 speeds with hydraulical transformer,
Weight: 2100 kg
Maximal speed: 160 km/h
Tyres: 8.20×15 inches
Fuel tank capacity: 80 L
Fuel consumption: 21.0 L/100km (14 L/100km under 40-50 km/h)
Cooling system capacity: 17 L
Oil capacity, overall: 6,5 L
Price: government limousine, not for sale
Yes common people could not buy Chaika, it was a very elite car in Soviet russia.
This car has been created for regional government and communist leaders. Almost all cars have been painted in black. Some cars have divider behind front seat (GAZ-13A).
The car was really stunning when was moving across the streets of Soviet cities, among the small cars owned by common citizen. The usual colours were black, and because of its colour the car looked realy serious. The car had an automatic transimission, while during that time in USSR cars had only manual transmissions. Yes that’s true Soviet people during 60 years did not have a chance to drive a car with an automatic transmission. Goverment thought that this is a luxury option and deprived the population of it. It’s a pity but due to this fact all the people who had driving license could drive stick geared cars.
After the collapse of Soviet Union these Chaikas began being sold for common people, not new but second hand. They were started being used for VIP events, marriages escorts etc. Nowadays there is a very little cars in a good condition, mainly at collectors possession.