Recently, the World organization of public health services has released some unfavourable data: worldwide, there are approximately100 million homeless children. What percent of this figure relates to Russia, nobody can precisely tell. The system of accounting for the homeless children in our country is not perfect. On official data, there are no more than 5 or 6 thousand such children in Russia, but informally, the number is not likely to be less than one million. It is about half of what the number was five years ago. However, to say that the problem is completely solved is not true. Under the existing legislation, three departments are engaged in assisting homeless children – the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Society Protection. In the opinion of experts, they work, as a swan, a crab and a pike, which drag a cart in different directions to the detriment of the system and of the problem.