The legendary ice-breaker "Baikal" was considered to be the second largest and most powerful ice-breaker while its construction. By the end of the XIX century they could not end the construction of the Siberian railway, Baikal was the breakpoint. So in 1883 Julius Witte, the secretary of finance, offered to arrange ship crossing over Baikal. In
1885 they decided to build an ice-breaking ferry. 12 plants participated in the construction: Soviet and foreign ones. The ice-breaker travelled much from place to place being tested, assembled and dissassembled... In fact it was mainly built by constructors from St. Petersburg. They used the best Martic steel to build it.
May, 1855, Balaklava, the Crimea. Today it is the place to rest for many people from all over Ukraine and the CIS. But in May, 1855 it was different. Guns of the English ships were firing at the Russian positions: the Crimean war between Russia from one side and allied forces of England,
France and Turkey from another one. Much has been written about the deeds of heroic Sevastopol. But few know that the Balaklava battle and the following defence of Sevastopol became the place for the first military photo report made by one English photographer Roger Fenton.