"Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin" is a research ship, flagship of the space research service of the USSR. It was built in Leningrad in 1971. The length of the eleven-decked ship was 231,6 m, width - 32 m, power of the main engine - 14 000 KW, speed - eighteen knots, displacement - 45000 tons. The crew consisted of136 persons, expedition crew - 212 persons. There were 1250 premises aboard including 86 laboratories. The ship was
intended to perform tasks related to control and communication with satellite vehicles and the Mission Control Centre through the satellite vehicle "Molniya" ("Lightning"). The ship had 75 antennas including two antennas with parabolic reflectors with diameter of 25 meters. It could be in autonomous sailing for 130 days. "Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin" was functioning in the Atlantic Ocean.
August 10th is a day of physical culturist and we don't want to miss this event this year. It's been celebrated since 1930s, since the time when much more attention was paid to sport and lessons of physical culture. Sportsmen used to be among the most famous
people in the country and no holiday demonstation was held without gymnasts, football players and others from the world of sport. These bright achievements not only motivated schoolchildren and students but often scared them as well.
In summer practically all pioneers of the Soviet Union used to go to pioneer camps. They were pretty much different from contemporary children's summer camps. In fact they rsembled something in between
juvenile correctional facilities and militarized schools of life for pampered urban children aged from seven to fifteen which had to become stern fighters for bright future and communism.
In Katsiveli, Crimea, Ukriane, there is another interesting abandoned object - an instrument rock in the sea not far from the shore that had built-in devices for observation of the Black Sea and atmospheric conditions. It was created in the 30s. And it was probably quite a pleasure to work at the place like that - to come down every morning from the laboratory building to the seashore
along the beautiful green park, see a new day being born, take readings of the rock devices, swim a bit in the cool sea water and go back to process the readings... But it might be like this in the far Soviet years. There are no more devices, no researches, no bridge to the rock (it was broken by storms long ago). In fact the whole territory is decaying today.
How can you be sure if the probe you are about to send to the Mars won't burn out? Where can you check this? Or how can you make a "sun knife" that is able to cut any materials and even evaporate metals? Or how can you
generate the temperature of 4 000 C from sunlight? All this - just by means of a sunbeam! Answers to these questions can be obtained at the place few know about. You are invited to visit this place right now.