The first generation of the automatic telephone exchange used in Russia was a decade-step exchange. The decade-step exchange was replaced with a crossbar exchange which in its turn was followed by a quasi-electronic exchange and digital exchange. You are unlikely to find a decade-step exchange
today while there are plenty of crossbar exchanges in the country. So, let us take you to Kaliningrad to show you a crossbar exchange belonging to Rostelecom, Russia's leading long-distance telephony provider. There are two crossbar exchanges in the building on the right.