The crystal plant is the main and the greatest construction of Gus-Khrustalny, a small Russian town, which was granted its name for the fiver it is located on (Gus) and the crystal (khrustal’) industry. In the 19th century it was known all over the Russian Empire thanks to Ivan Maltsov, who brought in a lot of European innovations, including
making Bohemian glass. In war periods the plant was manufacturing various glass mass-produced items, like thermometers, flasks, thermoses and other consumer goods. Later its status of the main crystal plant was reclaimed. In our short but fascinating photo set you can see how the crystal things are made in modern times.
Have you ever been captivated by the miniatures in pieces of art? Some masterpieces seem to be pure perfection. This is especially sad to learn that Russia had riches but lost them in hard times for the country. There were so many perturbations in the history of Russia that it is hard to determine which one was the most devastating. But nobody will argue that Russian revolution of 1917 was the most ruining event, which
had a crucial effect upon the culture of Great Russian Empire. Many unique collections of valuable items which were cherished in the course of centuries by noble families just vanished from the country within several months. Their houses were nationalized by Bolsheviks, the palaces were ransacked. The Western market was oversaturated with antiques from revolutionary Russia at that time.
The B-413 submarine belonged to the Soviet Northern Fleet for almost 20 years -- from 1969 to 1990. Next eight years it was a unit of the Baltic Fleet, and soon after its decommissioning, in July 2000, the B-413 became an item of the Museum of the World Ocean. Now it’s exhibited in Kaliningrad, and in 2000 after the tragedy of the Kursk submarine the museum organized a fundraising campaign for the
families of crewmembers who died in the catastrophe. The interiors haven’t changed a bit since 1969 when it was constructed. Everything there is very accurate and small, for tall men it was more than hard to live and work in the submarine, as there is little room and you had to move very quickly, especially when the situation required it. The photos below worth many words.
[caption id="attachment_411" align="alignnone" width="500" caption="Surreal NKVD: Catch me if you can"] [/caption] These photos are from a private collection of a typical Moscow family. They are dated back to 1936-1940 - the years known as the period of Stalin’s most cruel political repressions. Several million people are said to be affected: sentenced, shot or sent off to labour camps. There is a Russian
movie about those times – “Burnt By The Sun” (Utomlennye Solncem), which in 1994 won the Academy Awards as the best foreign language film (imdb rating 7.9/10). The story is about love in the times of political turmoil, the love that survives all fears of purges and uncertainty. Surprisingly enough, people still managed to try and have a few laughs during those harsh times.
The USSR newspapers first wrote about organizing a Soviet expedition to Antarctic on August 23, 1955. Three months later, on November 30, 1955 everything was just ready for the maiden voyage and Ob’ diesel-electric ship put out to sea from Kaliningrad to the coldest continent. It reached its destination on January 5, 1956 with captain I.A. Mun at the controls. The ship sailed along a narrow passage between icebergs
to Farr Bay and moored to the land covered with ice. Later two other ships joined the pioneer to help in carrying out the mission. Debarcation was a real trouble, as this area was very little explored and proved to be one of the most severe and difficult sites for life and work. The expedition was headed by Michail Somov, an experienced polar explorer, oceanographer and a geographer.
Diving in Russia is a popular activity. Usually people indulge in it during their visit to some remote Southern place while having a vacation, but sometimes they want diving without a few hour flight South so the local ponds come into play. They are usually not of great help for divers just because of their poor transparency which
prevents seeing objects even a few feet away and just in general lack of interesting and colorful objects inside of them. This old quarry located near Tver is a different story. The water is pretty clear here compared to the majority of the lakes in Russia and it has some picturesque objects to see and explore.