Exactly 35 years ago, the first IBM PC in history went on sale, but long before that day — in the 1960's, one of the centers of Soviet Cybernetics was in Belarus. Let us remember the story of a family of computing machinery "Minsk" which won All-Union glory, and then lost it. The gap between the USSR and the western countries in the field of computer technology in the 1950's, according to the most optimistic estimates, was at least 10 years. Therefore, in August 1956, the decision of the USSR Council of Ministers was the start of the expansion of the production of
electronic computers across the country. The resolution also provided for the establishment of centres for their production, design and development, one of which was supposed to stay in the BSSR. Soon in Minsk, the Ordzhonikidze Plant was opened, and by 1958, the Special Design Bureau (SDB) was set up to support and upgrade the computer. Subsequently, the SDB was transformed into an independent design and research company - NIIEVM - which is still working to this day. "Minsk-1" - the first original Belarusian computer
The battery of the Great Patriotic War is being dismantled in the Khasan district of Primorye. Workers take parts of the sawn
construction out of peninsula Gamow be KAMAZ, explaining their actions as the reconstruction for preventing the state of emergency.
In the second half of August Novosibirsk Aircraft Production Association traditionally celebrates its birthday - now it is 85 years old. Also the plant workers started production of the hundredth Su-34. I offer you to watch my photo report from this event. Let's start from the factory’s museum. Last year I visited this factory, but then failed to get into the museum. The exposition is located on the second floor of the building. The plant began its history in 1931. I-16 was the first aircraft manufactured at the plant. Fighters LaGG-3, Yak-7B and Yak-9 were made there during the war. Each day the plant produced up to 28-30 aircraft - a full regiment! 15 500 Yak-s were produced here in just 4 years . This bike ZiCh-1 was being produced for a short time in the post-war period .. In 1947 jet fighter aircrafts with swept-wing MiG-15, in 1951, MiG-17 and MiG-19 in 1954 were produced here. In 1956, NAPA started the release of aircrafts developed by Suhoy EBD. The first aircraft was Su-9. In 1962 it started developing Su-11, and in 1966 Su-15. Also, from 1963 to 1966 it produced the first Soviet serial supersonic bomber Yak-28. Models of Su-15 and Yak-28 A new stage in the development of the plant and in the Russian aircraft industry began with the creation of Sukhoi Su-24 and its serial production that was launched in 1971. According to its flight characteristics and combat capabilities Su-24 was better than all existing models of a similar class. The cabin of Su-24. In the early 90s the plant began to produce regional passenger planes An-38, but due to the lack of demand in those difficult years its serial production has not begun. Today fighter-bomber Su-34 and the elements of passenger aircraft Sukhoi SuperJet-100 are produced here. The museum is interesting; there are a lot of exhibits. You can walk here for half an hour, but I have got a little time, and have to move on. I move to the factory workshop. In the last time I was unable to visit the production of Superjet, so first of all I'll do this. Cabins, fuselage components, wings, stabilizers for SSJ-100 are produced in the NAP. Then parts are sent to the Komsomolsk-on-Amur, where the planes are finally made
up. There are tables that say which airplane is being made there. For example, the future 95142 is at the beginning of its construction. This is plaza - templates, on which airframe structural components are made up from the individual elements. Another workshop. Modern CNC machines. The next workshop producing elements of Su-34. AKU-58A - the aviation ejection device for hanging and launching missiles. I went to the assembly shop of Su-34. Here the official part dedicated to the production of the 100th Su-34 began. A Chief of the Russian Air Force from 2002 to 2007, Vladimir Mikhailov acts. The next speaker was the director of the plant S.A Smirnov. These beauties are produced here. On the flight test Station (FTS) everyone waits for the demonstration of Su-34 flights. There is a static exhibition of air-technique. Yakovlev Yak-40 | SibNIA in the name of Chaplygin | 1976 Children played at the festival so furiously that I worried about aircrafts. Miles Mi-8T (TV) | RA-24265 | Eltsovka | 1987 Production of the plant was introduced with Su-24 and brand new unpainted Su-34. Meanwhile, three Su-34 are preparing for a flight. One board had already driven to the start. The second one is piloted by 07th. The last inspection before the flight. Let’s go. Parachutists appeared in the sky. Traditional "shelves". And now some photos of flights. After landing a pair of Su-34 rolled closer to the fence. 06th and 05th near the fence After Su-34 there was a flight of vintage MiG-3. View on the runway of factory’s airfield "Eltsovka". It went to the parking. Su-24 was the most popular among kids on the exhibit. The board suffered from kids :) Su-34 is being prepared for towing. The holiday ended. Returning to the entrance. Thanks to the plant for this day- a real holiday! via
This object is widely known in various military forces. Its building started in 1953. It was built to shelter and repair 7 diesel-electric submarines of 613
and 633 projects. This building gave a protection from direct exposure of the atomic bomb with capacity of 100 kilotons. Now there is a museum.