Liberation of the Crimea from the Nazis started on the 8th of April, 1944 and already in April, 16 Soviet troops reached the main defence line of the enemy near Sevastopol. Closer to the city the Germans created powerful multi-layered defence where the key position was occupied by Sapun mountain. On its steep slopes the Germans made 3-4 trench lines, built
pillboxes, earth-and-timber emplacements, reinforced concrete shelters, made barbed wire entanglements, and turned the valley at the mountain foot into a mine field. Hitler's command was to hold Sevastopol at any cost, they thought that for the Soviets it would be equally hard to take it back as it had been for the Germans two years earlier.
Defence of Sevastopol in 1941-42 that lasted 250-days became one of the brightest pages of the WWII history. Defenders of the Black Sea fleet main base frustrated the plans of the German command to proceed to the Caucasus
and influenced the course of the way. The 30th and 35th turret batteries played important roles in Sevastopol defence, they became the main artillery power that inflicted considerable losses of the Germans.
Widely known open pit "Staraya Linza" ("Old Lens") attracts many tourists in any season but few know the history of the place. The deposit of the talc stone has been known since the 1880s. It used to be developed
by primitive methods. In the end of 1930 the government decided to speed up the development of the Ural deposits. Thus they started to inspect the Shabrovsky deposit of talc-magnesite stone.
Peter Ivanovich Vedenisov (1866-1937) graduated from the Moscow conservatory in 1888 and came to Yalta where soon became one of the most interesting persons in the city. He was a professional pianist and often perfomed. Was interested in local history,
meteorology and photography, could make color autochromes on the glass. They looked wonderful on the screen being projected there by a magic lantern. 150 color sheet glasses of Peter Vedenisov made between 1909 and 1914 have been preserved till today.