Eski Kermen is the medieval city-stronghold in the Crimea. This name means "an old fortress" in the Tatar language. Eski Kermen was founded in the VIth century as a Byzantine stronghold and had existed till the end of the XIVth century. As it was not so big and important those times no significant events or historical facts remained. But
from the Xth century the town and naturally its importance began to grow. The prosperity of Eski Kermen is related to the XII-XIIIth centuries, when the town popularity was more than 3,000 people. In 1299 the stronghold was destroyed and ravaged by Mongols. Since that time it hasn't restored its significance.