Siberia is huge, it stretches from the eastern slopes of the Ural Mountains to the Pacific and Arctic Oceans. Its population density is about three people per square kilometer, it is one of the most sparsely populated places on earth. Nevertheless, it seemed to be a treasure trove for archaeologists. Cool, dry air and permafrost create unique conditions for the preservation of the remains of the deep past. Despite the fact that it seems inhospitable, Siberia was the cradle of mankind. Shigir idol Exactly in Siberia, in Western Siberia, during excavations at the end of the XIX century, archaeologists discovered the oldest wooden sculpture in the world. Created
about 11,000 years ago, the idol twice as old as the great Egyptian pyramids and 6,000 years older than Stonehenge. Figure is 2.8 meters high and it has been carved out of the barrel of 157-year-old larch, which has been cut down with stone tools. Marsh, where it was found, helped idol to preserve well. The face of the statue, and patterns through the body of idol also preserved well. Some believe that small furrows and lines contain encrypted information. It has been suggested that they represent different types of terrain. Perhaps that idol, which once stood at 5.2 meters, can be a prototype of a totem.