1 Space shield of Crimea

Space shield of Crimea

Posted on July 15, 2016 by Andrey


There is a unique place a couple of dozen kilometers away from Yevpatoria, the huge antennas of which can be seen from afar. It was built in USSR and now the 40-th separate command and measuring complex as part of the Titov Main Test and Space Centre of the Aerospace Forces is located here.

  1. The complex of buildings of a scientific tracking station was built in Crimea In 1960. It controlled the spacecraft “Echo”, “Venera” and “Mars”. Later, control of manned spacecraft was also implemented.

  1. The Center for Deep Space Communication was established there after the collapse of the USSR. In fact, the center turned from the military facility into a civil observatory under the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, but the military presence was necessary to maintain and ensure the efficiency of military radio telescopes.

  1. In the hard times, part of the unique equipment was scrapped to cover the debts.

  1. Other issues have accumulated around the complex. In the past few years, the local village council has allocated land plots in close proximity to the antennas, so the use of some equipment is now impossible without addressing the issues with the garden plots.

  1. After the events of 2014, the center was included in the structure of the Aerospace Defense troops of the Russian Federation. The diameter of the RT-70 radio telescope is 70 meters.


  1. The center itself is located at several sites. These photos were taken a few kilometers from the previous ones. They depict the 25-meter antenna KTNA-200 and antennas ADA-1000. 8 cups 16 meters each were made in the days when a large antenna could not be built.

  1. Now the significance of the complex has increased again. In early 2015, the center was reorganized into the 40th separate command and measuring complex of The Aerospace Defense Forces of the Russian Federation. The military unit 81415 was established on the basis of the scientific center.

  1. The center is being modernized.

  1. There is a military camp near the center. A long sandy beach is very close to it.

  1. Some of the buildings are abandoned. Let’s hope that everything will be restored.

  1. Interesting fact: one of the antennas KTNA-200 of the “Saturn” system installed in the STS-16 could be seen on the title screen of the TV program “Vremya” on the central television in the 70s.


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One Response to “Space shield of Crimea”

  1. john dudley says:

    It’s good to see that the government, are going to use the facilities again,so an interesting country.

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