2 Most Unusual Buses of the Soviet Time

Most Unusual Buses of the Soviet Time

Posted on February 13, 2016 by team


We have become used to thinking about buses as ordinary iron bodies with seats, but some models can be quite curious. These hit the roads during Soviet times, and this type of ride was probably never boring.

Let us begin with the model whose driver sat on the second floor – NAMI-0159, 1972 (in the image above). The bus had three axles and a gasoline V8 engine. It was 30% more spacious than an ordinary bus, but was not produced in quantity.


Double-decked buses turned out to be hardly suitable for Soviet roads (some people still remember daily crowding in buses). In the 1960s, Moscow put into operation a couple of German double-decked models as an experiment, but didn’t go any further.

However, in 1938-39, they made ten double-decked trolley-buses YATB-3 – a copy of English Electric. The buses were equipped with 75kW engines. They were hard to drive, so they finally disappeared from Moscow roads in 1948.


If higher buses were of little use, it made sense to make them longer. ATUL buses started to be produced in Leningrad before the war. They were two meters longer than ordinary buses, and had six-cylinder 73 hp engines. The second non-drive axle at the rear was used to spread the load.

There was also a single pre-war giant YAA-2, built in Leningrad as well. Its length was 11.5 m. It accommodate 80 passengers (52 of which could be seated). It had 103 hp Hercules engine, dual rear axles and mechanical brakes.

In the image above – LIII on the long chassis with the third non-drive axis.


The single giant YAA-2, made in Leningrad.


Trailer-buses were cheap and easy. They solved two problems – lack of space and lack of drivers. The country experimented with such buses from the 1930s to 1960s. The main problem was to drive them safely.

In the image above – ZIS-8 with a passenger trailer being tested in Moscow.


ZIL-158 with 2PN-4 trailer produced by the Moscow factory “Aremkuz”.


Prototype model PAZ-671A with trailer PAZ-750.


Semi-trailers also made buses more spacious. They were used in airports for some time.

In the picture above – Passenger road train built on the chassis of LAZ-695M.


Odessa semi-trailer ODaZ-869.


The first bus with an accordion connection appeared in 1959, it was the TS-1 with a length of almost 18 meters. It accommodated 220 passengers but only had 45 seats. Three years later a prototype LiAZ-5E676 was built (15,429 mm long), but serial production of buses with an accordion connection didn’t begin until thirty years later.

In the image above – trolley-bus TS-1, made in Moscow.



More stories:

Click here to read next random post from English Russia

2 Responses to “Most Unusual Buses of the Soviet Time”

  1. john says:

    Great old photo’s, and interesting to see.

  2. Sean says:

    Please whoever posted this email me as I’m living in Russia and interested to expand more on old and renovated Russian buses.

Leave a Reply

  • Random Post