8 The Early Soviet Air Defense Missiles from 1963

The Early Soviet Air Defense Missiles from 1963

Posted on November 27, 2014 by tim


Just a few historical photos of one Soviet air defense point from a private album. Not many of these are published because in Soviet times it was harder to take photos on military sites, especially such strategically important ones as air defense sites. Here we can see how 50 years ago the S-75 (and now there are the S-400) missiles were loaded, prepared, etc. If you like this kind of stuff lets see more inside:


Some people say that early missiles of this kind were equipped with small compartments where the kamikaze pilots could sit so they could fly the rocket exactly to the target, because there were no advanced guidance system invented yet. I am not sure how credible these rumors are, but this is what I heard.

This thing on wheels is a dashboard console for an operator of the system.

Here the missile is being checked.

In theory, there might be plenty of space to fit a person inside.

And here the missile gets fueled with compressed air. I am not sure what the air was used for.

Here the parts of the rocket are being unloaded from the truck. Maybe the payload. And look at this dolly they used to transport it with – it reminds me of a child’s sledge or tricycle.

Here they are assembling the parts of a missile into one. A human can fit in the lower part.

Another type of mobile console to control the rocket. Not too much of the control, I think.


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8 Responses to “The Early Soviet Air Defense Missiles from 1963”

  1. boci says:

    if a person inside, wherein the fuel? It’s bullshit !!!
    as it stayed that speed? Eyes should start at the bottom.

  2. TIto says:

    Begining of the history of the most advance air defense in human history, Russian air defense..

  3. Tshuhna says:

    So, with those missiles Gary Powers went down.

  4. john says:

    very cool photos

  5. Nergol says:

    The American pilots who had those S-75s fired at them in Vietnam said it looked like someone had shot a telephone pole at them. And the Vietnamese fired off a *lot* of those missiles. It must have been a very impressive sight.

  6. gustaff says:

    1. The missile started only from launcher not from trucks. They were only for transport.
    2. Compressed air was needed to move steering plates, start to rotate giroscopes etc.
    3. There was not place for a man at all inside the missile which was directed via radiocommand system. Diameter of missile was ca. 50 cm.
    At the front of the missile was antennas and electronic equipent compartment, radiofuse etc, next warhead (classic or nuclear), later giroscopes and steering equipment, next containers for pressurised air, oxidizer and liquid fuel. Next compartment was second stage rocket engine. First stage rocket engine was on solid fuel and was dropped after 2 km of flight.
    4. Speed after start was ca. 1000 m/s, nobody survives it.

  7. clarklton says:

    The compressed air may well have been to force the fuel out of the tanks instead of a pump system

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