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11 Soviet Exploration of the Unused Lands

Soviet Exploration of the Unused Lands

Posted on November 17, 2014 by tim


In Soviet times, it was kind of trendy among the young people to go to the “exploration of the new lands” – like the great campaign on gaining food independence of the Soviet Union – as they were importing grains and more. So they decided to use the huge land masses that they already had but where nobody was farming them. Because private farming was forbidden at the time, they did it through governmental structures. Let’s read on:

They formed tens or hundreds of special Soviet farms called “Sovkhoz” –  like “Soviet Farm” and then started moving people into them, often promising benefits, especially to the young ones.

They say they spent over 20% of whole Soviet budget in the years 1955-1965 to make this happen. 

So thousands of people moved there. 

However, even Krushev himself in his memoirs remembers that often the natural and geological particularities of the places were not taken into account, so often harmful things happened like “When we already had plowed and sowed big fields in Kazakhstan, the sand storms that nobody expected happened but that was a regular thing there.” However Krushev adds to this that even with all these difficulties and mistakes, the prices of the grain and bread farmed this way was the lowest they could achieve in the whole Soviet country.

Many youngsters really believed in the idea of them helping to feed the whole country.

So they went there to help, altruistically sometimes.

They got free housing, free food and were paid for the work. 

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11 Responses to “Soviet Exploration of the Unused Lands”

  1. Alain says:

    My uncle, who was a farmer, visited some years ago the collective farms in Eastern Europe, and was ashamed by the local productivity. He kept saying that, with such great lands, these countries (including Ukraine and some parts of Russia) ought to have fed the world. Unfortunately, the local technologies were far insufficient for that…

    • USSRwillbeRestored says:

      Yeah…I bet you’re all for Monsanto, us monster farms, destroying small farmers like they do in the US, destroying homsteaders, etc. Thanks, I take Soviet Collective farms over this. I has experienced both.

      • Alain says:

        I am not for Monsanto. At all. I wish it could be condemned and closed. And I am from a farmer family, so I perfectly know the subject :)

        Beside this, Russia just destroyed a complete sea (Aral). And the kholkhozs and sovkhozs were known worldwide for their inefficiency (as the State pretended to pay the farmers, the farmers pretended to work – except for themselves :) )

        Beside the US farms and the collective farms, there is a world you seemingly do not know :)

        • USSRwillbeRestored says:

          Since you don’t know anything about USSR (or know anything about US agriculture), please abstain from your ignorant comment (and juvenile emoticons). I’m the land owner, FUI. Good luck eating what Mexican slaves are picking for less than minimum wage in US fields, this is the only reason why entitled, ignorant ones like you are alive — you would not last an hour out there. Stay away from this site, hater, soon your vampire murdererd country will be destroyed, typical Ameri-wuss.

        • USSRwillbeRestored says:

          You use slave labor by Mexican nationals, US hypcrite, whose suffering, low wages and deaths due to pesticide use keep ones like you alive. US will be off the face of earch as a country–the one that was built and exists upon slavery.

          • Alain says:

            With friends like you, Russia do not need enemies : you obviously do not know how to read, nor have ever been in a field in your life. Go back play with blocks…

  2. CZenda says:

    Ah, the four dreaded enemies of Soviet agriculture: spring, summer, fall and winter.

  3. andy says:

    Well, at least Khrushchev tried, but as Molotov observed, he rushed in too fast without proper economic, logistical , scientific (and meteorological) studies. Called the Virgin Lands Program, no one even bothered to check on whether there was enough water for this enormous, basically desert region. Hardly anyone lived in that Kazakhstan steppe, for good reason.

    Similar farming disasters in USA: farmers improperly tilled and wore out soils, leading to production drops, flash floods taking away topsoils, and in Oklahoma these practices, combined with drought, wiped out thousands of farmers in the 1930’s.

  4. USSR says:

    “Tselina” or Virgin Lands… Heroic enthusiasm of post war soviet people to supply the country with wheat.

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