6 The First House of  St. Petersburg: the Royal Hut of the Peter I

The First House of St. Petersburg: the Royal Hut of the Peter I

Posted on September 17, 2014 by tim

St. Petersburg was a city built by an order of Peter the First. According to the story, he wanted to build a European city on the shores of the Baltic Sea. The place was chosen strategically to protect the river deltas and the shore from Europeans and also to establish a trading post with Europe on that sea. Construction began in 1703 in the territory conquered from Sweden. Already by 1705 a few shipbuilding docks had been erected turning the town into an industrial center. They say that Peter the Great wanted to build a city based on Venice and Amsterdam – with water channels for the people to travel across the city. He hired an Italian architect to create a master plan of the city.  He was very eager to see how his city was being built so he spent a lot of time there too and even appointed the new city to become a capital of the Russian Empire nine years after the construction started.

So because it became a capital, he needed a palace to live in, and while palace was being constructed he moved into a temporary house built to his special order. This house is still intact in the heart of the city, surrounded by modern architecture, so we can see a piece of history on these photos, as they say it is the first building in St. Petersburg. The rest were probably huts.

Well, you know this building was a hut too. However to protect the wooden historical landmark from the pressure of time passing by, they erected a brick building AROUND the original wooden hut. See this inside.

 It was a summer cottage for Peter I, and it’s hidden now inside this brick enclosure.

The coat of arms of the Russian Empire.

So here comes the first hut. 

They have strategically chosen a place for the house so that the emperor could have a view of all the building objects around. He could see through his window the Petropavlovskaia Krepost (fortress) and the sea. 

Initially this house was decorated with wooden carved guns and fires which have been lost over time.

Here is the house on the reconstructed plan.

The house is built from hexagonally shaped logs and was painted “brick” from outside.

The Tsar ordered that his house was to have very large and uncommon windows, which were made up of smaller glass segments. 

This house didn’t have a pechka (fireplace) because the Tsar lived there during the warm season. 

A print that is over one hundred years old, of how it looked inside when the Tsar lived there. 

There was also a church nearby for him to visit.

In the 1930s, they turned it into a museum and tried to restore its initial appearance and feel. 

There were four rooms inside – a dining room, an office, a hallway and a bedroom. In these photos you can see the things that are said to be the personal belongings of Peter the Great.

The bedroom door had an architectural mural on it.

In the bedroom there are his clothes and an impression of his hand on the wall, which was made from his hand in the factory that produced canons in 1709.

That’s a Tsar’s smoking pipe on the table. 

This chair behind the table is said to have been made by Tsar himself, as he was said to be fond of woodworking. 

They also say that this boat was made by his hands, too. 

He used it to travel across the river (the house was built on the river bank).

Hope you liked this piece of history! Tell us what you think!



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6 Responses to “The First House of St. Petersburg: the Royal Hut of the Peter I”

  1. Santa says:

    That was Great.

  2. Muzzlehatch says:

    No lavatory. Looks like the Tsar of All the Russias had to use a chamber pot like everybody else.

  3. Erik Johnson says:

    Another wonderful look into the past .
    Thank you so very much .

  4. jacob says:

    Great :) i thought this kind of history was lost!
    And good to say something of the Swedish empire :) it was hugh does Days :)

  5. Steamed McQueen says:

    This is another one of Peterburg’s hidden gems- but it’s really in plain sight! Right across from the summer garden in the front yard of the beer brewery!

    It’s another of my favorite places in Piter! Always liked Peters ‘little boat’! If you look carefully at the photo you can see a small cannon at the left-rear. Always wondered what that was for. Maybe signaling?

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