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30 Kortik, the Soviet Ship Defense System

Kortik, the Soviet Ship Defense System

Posted on April 24, 2014 by tim


 

In the 1970s of the last century the NATO had received several new types of anti-ship missiles . Using of the latest technologies make these weapons particularly dangerous for enemy ships . High-speed rocket, with efficient homing and flying at a height of several feet above the water , is a great danger to the ship. Its interception was quite challenging. So that to protect ships against such threats ships it was needed a new set of anti-aircraft weapons with better characteristics than were available.

So, the “Kortik”(sometimes it’s called “Kashtan”) appeared.  Most typically deployed as a combined gun and missile system, it provides defense against anti-ship missiles, anti-radar missiles and guided bombs. The system can also be employed against helicopters and aircrafts or even surface vessels such as fast attack boats or targets on shore. Photos are clickable for wider versions.

 

The weapon is a modular system which consists of a command module and typically two combat modules.

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30 Responses to “Kortik, the Soviet Ship Defense System”

  1. Billy says:

    Old technology. Where are the Lasers and Rail guns?

    • MAXDMG says:

      In quake 3)Lasers and Rail guns many more years will not be adopted because of the size and energy consumption, as well as the extremely low efficiency against conventional weapons.

      • Billy says:

        You need an education, Laser anti missile systems and rail guns have been deployed on American Aircraft Carriers for years. One of the layers of defense that is not made too Public. Power management and discovering the optimum Wavelength makes power not a problem. Keep in mind, this takes allot as there is no general rule concerning the effects of irradiated energy on opaque, simi-opaque, or transparent materials. The energy is either absorbed, reflected or transmitted. On missiles and plans, the U.S. has found that perfect wavelength for absorption, for which Iran will soon find out.

        • Darius says:

          Laser anti missile systems and rail guns have been deployed on American Aircraft Carriers? I think you should stop smoking what ever you smoke. Aircraft carriers carry planes not rail guns :) A test rail gun will be deployed on the first test ship and it is not an aircraft carrier. Lasers are significantly affected by weather conditions. The first test laser to shoot at drones was deployed not long time ago. It is not powerful enough to shoot at big, fast flying targets.

          • Billy says:

            AC only carry aircraft? Now, what have you been smokin? Let me help you. AC’s have their own air defense systems. The American AC’s are multi-layered. Some layers you know about, some you don’t. One is a rail gun system. Which is why the AC’s have had their reactor output increased for 30% some years ago.

            You need an education on Lasers. There are many types of Lasers deployed in Missile defense. It does not take raw power to take a plane down for example. Why? Because when the beam strikes material, there is penetration depth that creates a plume of super heated plasma. All it takes is a pin hole into the planes fuel tank to ignite it.

            That is just one laser type, and one techique.

            Missiles are even easier to take down, for reasons that I hope are obvious to you now.

          • Billy says:

            To Darius, most wavelengths in IR spectrum are not affected by weather conditions. No matter what they tell you. Here is a simple experiment you can do at home to get a better understanding. Take the remote from your T.V.. These emit an IR beam that the IR sensor, or “electronic eye” on the T.V. picks up. Take a coke bottle, on something similar, keep in mind if has lead,the IR wavelength will not be transmitted. If it is borosilicate or something similar, it will transmit. Light up a smoke and blow the smoke into the bottle. Take the remote and point at the T.V. through the open end of the bottle. If the bottle has a low content of lead, the T.V. will not on and off through the smoke. This is true with homogeneous water vapor. Place steam in the bottle and try it.

    • nikoliy says:

      It is true that US has been working on a Laser based missile defense and they have been working on a Rail gun system. Both are still years if not decades away from being operational.
      Having served on 4 different aircraft carriers I can tell you that neither system is installed. Their is no offensive weapons installed on any US carrier b/c it would work against the whole principal of a navy based around the carrier. The most upgraded carriers have Phalanx guns and SeaSparow missiles. The Reagan has only the RIM-116 and RIM-162 missiles installed and the some of the older carriers like the Nimitz have also been refitted to only carry the RIM-116 missiles. It is possible to see and identify every censor and any equipment installed on any of the carriers. They are not stealthy so they don’t try to hide anything.

      • Billy says:

        They have already been deployed.

        • nikoliy says:

          Well how can one argue with such a fact based response…

          Give us a link or its not true.
          Everything I said can be verified by going to the most ubiquitous source Wikipedia.

          • Billy says:

            Nikoliy, Wikipeda is not considered a valid resource in both academia and private research.

            No offensive weapons on a carrier?

            The carrier is an offensive system. It designed to project power.

            You served on four carriers, yet you do not know it’s primary design of function?

            Guess you missed the TCAIR air wing which includes up to 82 aircraft. Those 12 F/A-18E/F Hornets, 36 F/A-18 Hornets, four E-2C Hawkeyes, and four EA-6B.

            And now the F35. Landing test completed in October.

            Prowlers, that’s fixed-wing. And Helicopters: four SH-60F and two HH-60H Seahawks.

            The carrier can also deploy S-3B Viking aircraft, but these are being phased out and replaced with the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet.

            However, the S-3B Viking was finally decommissioned in January 2009.

            The design and functions of an American aircraft carrier are dynamic, they keep up with current and future threats.

            None of which are made public. So, surf all you want on the net.

            • nikoliy says:

              Again no proof….
              You said “They have already been deployed.” referring to Rail Guns and Laser AMS on Carriers. Just because you can post a bunch of crap about the A/C on board doesn’t prove anything.
              Also you again fail to grasp the idea of component and a system. A Nimitz class carrier by its self is an airport. Unless you ram someone with it you can do nothing offensive. Once you include all the components of a Carrier battle group, including the additional ships and subs and an air wing, then it becomes capable of producing power.

              • Billy says:

                The U.S. Military is not in the habit of splashing their capabilities all over the web. Wikipeda is tool for the NSA who implants dis-information.

                An aircraft carrier is not offensive? I guess you missed those 3000 sorties launched from American AC’s during shock and awe.

                Where did you serve? The sea of tranquility?

                • nikoliy says:

                  Apparently you are not capable of grasping simple concepts… such as an aircraft and airport being two different things…
                  I guess kindergarten level reasoning is above you…

                  FYI… I have over 2 years at sea on the Lincoln, Nimitz, Stennis and Ike… Their was never 3000 sorties, we barely had enough targets… a total of about 1500 strikes were done during “shock and awe”(such a retarded term) that includes missiles and the air force.

            • Darius says:

              Where is smoke, there is fire.
              The Wikipedia is not the most reliable source, but quite a lot of information there is correct.
              But in this case I am judging not based on Wikipedia but based on the development and test reports from the companies that try to build the rail guns.
              Taking into account the size of the gun and the size of the energy storage for the rapid discharge it is highly unlikely that the aircraft carriers would carry this type of guns (at least in near future). I am also anticipating quite a lot of electromagnetic interference in the ship systems from these guns. The aviation people are quite “sensitive” to this kind of problem.
              In fact I would believe more that other types of war ships have this gun deployed already rather than the aircraft carriers.

  2. Billy says:

    This is a copy of Goal Keeper.

    • nikoliy says:

      Fool. Next time get your facts strait before you post.
      The first system of this type is the AK-630 system first introduced in 1972. The system shown here is the second generation of that system first introduced in 1989
      The Dutch Goal Keeper(a first gen system) was first produced in 1979.

      damn Americans always think they invented everything…

      • Billy says:

        Scatchin my head, That is not a AK-630. GoalKeeper is Dutch.

        • nikoliy says:

          Keep scratching maybe you will find something in their.
          AK-630 is the original and first anti missile system installed on any ship by any country. The name Kortik and Kashtan are the nicknames used for the AK-630 system. The version in the pictures is the updated AK-630m version.

          Goal Keeper was developed by both Dutch and Americans. The companies Thales(Dutch) and General Dynamics(US)…

          • Billy says:

            We can dis-agree, what pictured is not a AK630. Those are GSh-30K (AO-18K) six-barrel 30 mm rotary cannons.

            The designers of Goal Keeper are Dutch, not American, no getting around that.

            • nikoliy says:

              Lets break it down…

              AK-630 is a weapon SYSTEM. The GSh-30k is a WEAPON.
              The weapon is part of the system. The system is not the weapon. It like an engine in a car. The engine is part of the car but it is not the car its self.
              What started as the AK-630 system developed into the AK-630M often referred to as Kortik. It was further developed into AK-630M2 sometimes refereed to as the Kashtan. The nicknames actually come from the integration of missiles that are 9M311-1k Kortik & 9M311-1E Kashtan

              Now here is a link to the American company General Dynamics website were they claim to have been a part of the development and production of the Goal Keeper system.
              http://www.gd-ots.com/armament_systems/ss_goalkeeper.html
              …Somehow they found a way around it.
              Also feel free to add some facts to your next post…

  3. Billy says:

    Look yourself in the mirror and ask “why would an American company go to a Dutch company for something they could design themselves?

    • nikoliy says:

      Is that an argument? WTF is that?…
      That’s the best you could come up with? Its pathetic.

      Companies do that ALL THE TIME!!!
      For example when designing the F-35 Lockheed Martin had to ask a Russian company for help in designing its exhaust system. Yakovlev was the first company in the world to design and build a supersonic vertical takeoff combat aircraft
      http://www.yak.ru/ENG/FIRM/HISTMOD/yak-141.php

    • Darius says:

      Everyone can develop anything – it is just question of money and time (which also can be converted to the money scale). And US companies in the military market are like any other US companies – try to save money by buying something already designed or produced. Also the US government is not fixed on US manufacturers. It is not the first time US companies or military use something that was designed or built not in US.
      For example the US Stryker vehicles. The IAV Stryker is a family of eight-wheeled, armored fighting vehicles derived from the Canadian LAV III and based on the Swiss Piranha III 8×8.
      Could US design and build it? Shure! But here wins the best offer.
      Another example is the German Heckler & Koch GmbH. They provide firearms for many military and paramilitary units in US (for example HK416 for the Delta force).

  4. Chris says:

    @Billy, @nikoliy and @Darius, you guys are great!

  5. doyle says:

    (this is not spam please do not treat it as such) So, Is an AK-630 a weapons system? Yes, the AK-630 is a fully automated (CIWS) gunmount. The system is comprised of Either 1 or 2 30mm GSh-6-30 six-barrel (AO-18) automatic anti-aircraft guns having a length of 2176mm and a fire rate of 4500-5000 rds/min with a muzzle velocity of 875 m/s

    Did the AK-630 develop into the AK-630M?

    Yes it did!!

    Was the AK-630M often refered to as Kortik?

    No!!!! Never has the AK-630M been refered to as the Kortik,
    The 3M87 kortik is the Initial designation and nickname for the CADS-N-1 Kashtan system.

    (THOSE MISSILES ARE NOT NAMED AFTER KORTIK AND KASHTAN!!!! AND THEY ARE NOT NAMED KORTIK AND KASHTAN!!!! those missiles are just specifically designed to be used with the Kashtan!!!! The Kashtan was not named after the missiles!!!

    Was the AK-630M2 sometimes refered to as the Kashtan?
    NO!! NEVER EVER, The Kashtan is comprised of two 30MM GSh-30K (AO-18KD). Having a length of 2600mm and a fire rate of 4000-5000 rds/min with a muzzle velocity of 890 m/s and 4 9M311-1E surface-to-air guided missiles. With 48/32 reserve missiles.

    Conversly The AK-630M1-2 is comprised of Either one or two 30mm GSh-6-30 six-barrel (AO-18) automatic anti-aircraft guns having a length of 2176mm and a fire rate of 4500-5000 rds/min with a muzzle velocity of 875 m/s

    Both of these CIWS are part of the A-213-Vympel-A weapons complex. now im sure complex is a new word for you, in reference to SAM systems.
    So lets take a moment to understand that the A-213-Vympel-A Close anti-air COMPLEX is composed of the AK-630M Gun Mount, MR-123-02 Fire Control Radar System, and SP-521 Electrical-Optical Tracker. A single MP-123 radar system can simultaneously control two guns, either two 30 mm gun mounts, or two 57 mm gun mounts, or one 30 mm gun and one 57 mm gun.
    THE KASHTAN AND THE AK-630M LOOK NOTHING ALIKE!!! YOU DONT EVEN KNOW WHAT GUNS THE AK-630M HAS!!! YOU JUST TRYED TO TELL US THAT THE PICTURES AT THE TOP OF THIS PAGE ARE OF AN AK-630M1-2 SYSTEM!!!!
    have you ever seen a AK-630M1-2?????? IT LOOKS NOTHING LIKE A KASHTAN SYSTEM!!! THE WEAPONS AREN’T EVEN THE SAME LENGTH!!!
    THE AK-630M IS 2176MM AND THE kASHTAN IS 2600MM!!!!

    HERE IS A QUOTE FROM YOU

    ” The name Kortik and Kashtan are the nicknames used for the AK-630 system. The version in the pictures is the updated AK-630m version.”

    NOT A SINGLE WORD IN THIS SENTENCE IS TRUE!!!

    To quote your comment from before “AK-630 is the original and first anti missile system installed on any ship by any country. The name Kortik and Kashtan are the nicknames used for the AK-630 system. The version in the pictures is the updated AK-630m version.”

    Ok, the Kortik-Kashtan system is not a nickname for the AK-
    630

    Hello Nikoliy, my name is Oscar and i am here to Sort things out for you gentlemen. Let us start with your quote at 3:52 pm on April 26,
    “AK-630 is a weapon SYSTEM. The GSh-30k is a WEAPON. The weapon is part of the system. The system is not the weapon. It like an engine in a car. The engine is part of the car but it is not the car its self. What started as the AK-630 system developed into the AK-630M often referred to as Kortik. It was further developed into AK-630M2 sometimes refereed to as the Kashtan. The nicknames actually come from the integration of missiles that are 9M311-1k Kortik & 9M311-1E Kashtan”
    So, Is an AK-630 a weapons system? Yes, the AK-630 is a fully automated (CIWS) gun mount. The system is comprised of Either 1 or 2 30mm GSh-6-30 six-barrel (AO-18) automatic anti-aircraft guns having a length of 2176 mm and a fire rate of 4500-5000 rds/min with a muzzle velocity of 875 m/s
    Did the AK-630 develop into the AK-630M?
    Yes it did!!
    Was the AK-630M often referred to as Kortik?
    No!!!! Never has the AK-630M been referred to as the Kortik, The 3M87 kortik is the Initial designation and nickname for the CADS-N-1 Kashtan system.
    (THOSE MISSILES ARE NOT NAMED AFTER KORTIK AND KASHTAN!!!! AND THEY ARE NOT NAMED KORTIK AND KASHTAN!!!! those missiles are just specifically designed to be used with the Kashtan!!!! The Kashtan was not named after the missiles!!!
    Was the AK-630M2 sometimes referred to as the Kashtan? NO!! NEVER EVER, The Kashtan is comprised of two 30MM GSh-30K (AO-18KD). Having a length of 2600mm and a fire rate of 4000-5000 rds/min with a muzzle velocity of 890 m/s and 4 9M311-1E surface-to-air guided missiles. With 48/32 reserve missiles.
    Conversely The AK-630M1-2 is comprised of Either one or two 30mm GSh-6-30 six-barrel (AO-18) automatic anti-aircraft guns having a length of 2176 mm and a fire rate of 4500-5000 rds/min with a muzzle velocity of 875 m/s THE AK-630M1-2 HAS ABSOLUTELY ZERO ANTI-AIRCRAFT MISSILES ON ITS CHASSIS!!!!
    Both of these CIWS are part of the A-213-Vympel-A weapons complex. now im sure complex is a new word for you, in reference to SAM systems. So lets take a moment to understand that the A-213-Vympel-A Close anti-air COMPLEX is composed of the AK-630M Gun Mount, MR-123-02 Fire Control Radar System, and SP-521 Electrical-Optical Tracker. A single MP-123 radar system can simultaneously control two guns, either two 30 mm gun mounts, or two 57 mm gun mounts, or one 30 mm gun and one 57 mm gun. THE KASHTAN AND THE NG AK-630M LOOK NOTHING ALIKE!!! YOU DONT EVEN KNOW WHAT GUNS THE AK-630M HAS!!! YOU JUST TRYED TO TELL US THAT THE PICTURES AT THE TOP OF THIS PAGE ARE OF AN AK-630M1-2 SYSTEM!!!! have you ever seen a AK-630M1-2?????? IT LOOKS NOTHING LIKE A KASHTAN SYSTEM!!! THE WEAPONS AREN’T EVEN THE SAME LENGTH!!! THE GSh-6-30 ON THE AK-630M IS 2176MM AND THE GSh-30K (AO-18KD) KASHTAN IS 2600MM!!!!
    HERE IS A QUOTE FROM YOU
    ” The name Kortik and Kashtan are the nicknames used for the AK-630 system. The version in the pictures is the updated AK-630m version.”
    NOT A SINGLE WORD IN THIS SENTENCE IS TRUE!!!
    Im done, and so are you…

  6. doyle says:

    I hope you don’t take offence to this

  7. doyle says:

    ENGLISH RUSSIA IS THE BEST SITE EVER!!!!

  8. doyle says:

    I just dont like it when people spread false Info, especially speaking poorly about glorious soviet defence cannon!!! BTW the kashtan is the single finest example of CAD ever dreamed of!!!

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