2 A Soviet Trace in Space Suits Manufacturing

A Soviet Trace in Space Suits Manufacturing

Posted on April 16, 2014 by tim


Spacesuits for Russian cosmonauts are being produced at the factory “Star”.

The “Star” started operations in 1952, but at that time the factory did not have a name – it was called factory “№ 918″ and was one of the most secret factories of the Ministry of Aviation Industry of the USSR. Now the “Star” produces high altitude equipment for pilots – suits, helmets, oxygen masks, fire suppression systems, ejection seats, parachutes and inflatable slides.

This stationary pressure chamber is for testing personnel readiness for high-altitude flight and adaptation under rarefied atmospheric conditions.  All the astronauts who fly on the ISS train in it, also.

The spacesuit “Orlan-MK” for work in open space, weighs 110 kg. The American counterpart weighs 136 kg and, unlike the Russian one, is not adapted to the years of self-service stations. Furthermore, it is impossible to put on by yourself. They cost about 15 million dollars, and “Orlan” costs only 3 million dollars.

Now “Orlan” is up to its fifth modification. Sleeves and legs are attached to the duralumin body. All wires and hoses for the life support system are mounted under the breastplate. The computer that is mounted on the door hatch analyzes information from all the sensors in the suit – there are about 50 of them. The cosmonaut regulates the temperature by himself, adjusting the lever for water cooling. “Orlan” is a small spacecraft. Its production takes more than six months, and the official shelf life is 4 years.

Every astronaut must wear a suit themselves, and then spend two hours in weightlessness under the supervision of specialists. Even if the engineers are diverted or distracted, the computer built into the suit tells the astronaut what to do in a given situation.

A soft suit “Falcon” that is used during takeoff and landin. It is always sewn individually for each astronaut.

A cesspool device or simply “toilet” is the pride of the “Star” factory. The design was so successful that the Americans bought it for their segment of the ISS.

This is a docking hatch. Astronauts pass through it from one spacecraft to another. Previously, there were no such hatches on the ISS, so the astronauts had to cross open space.

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2 Responses to “A Soviet Trace in Space Suits Manufacturing”

  1. George says:

    Haven’t you heard? NASA is no longer in the space industry. Since barrack hussine bin obama took over, it’s now a “moo-slum outreach center” You know, to make them feel better about themselves.

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