At the Olympic Games 1912 in Stockholm the Russian team of athletes took second to last place among the eigtheen countries-participants. One magazine called this to be "shame of all Russian people". To prevent such failures in future the great prince Romanov ordered to arrange Russian Olympics annually since then. The first one took place in Kiev.
Exercises with rakes.
They specially built barracks for changing, storehouses and premises for theoretical classes.
Exercises with scythes.
National dance with rakes.
For those who were far from sport such instruments were rather heavy. Classes were held in the open air regardless of the weather, participants were bare to the waist. Their bodies became almost black. They had classes in gymnastics, athletics, fencing, steeplechase, running with ammunition, cycling etc. Some activities were rather unusual.
The Olympics were opened in August 20th, 1913. There were about ten thousand spectators, 600 participants from fifteen sports organizations and nine cities of the Empire at the ceremony.