Il-102 was presented by the development design office of Ilyushin in summer 1991, it pretty much resembled Il-40 serially produced since the 1950s. But it had another shape of fuselage nose, better surveillance, more powerful engines and weapons.
As opposed to Su-25, Il-102 has the second cockpit for a gunner. Probably this circumstance played the most negative role in the aircraft's destiny. The design of Il-102 was the same as of Il-40, but it was an absolutely new vehicle in a retro style. There was thirty years between Il-102 and Il-40, for all those years aircraft building had changed considerably. There appeared new turbojet engines, construction materials, technologies. Equipment had changed even more - aircrafts became lighter, they started to fulfill more complicated tasks. Means of crew rescue became much better as well.
The construction of the main landing gear also changed, it could retract into the cowling to leave more space for weapons. Takeoff weight of the vehicle rose to 22 000 kg, its payload - to 7200 kg.
Crew cab was armored, engines and fuel supply system were armoured partially. Fuel tanks were deprived of armour but were placed in the central part of the fuselage where they were more safe. In its rear part the aircraft had a cannon mounting.
Il-102, as well as Il-40, had a mobile offensive cannon armament - a 30 mm gun could be fixed in two positions. Construction of the vehicle was finished early in 1982. Flight tests were conducted in the most "partisan" places - in Belarus. The first flight was performed in September 25, 1982.
In 1982-1984 there were conducted 250 flights in total and all of them were successful. The attack plane showed a high maneuverability, the best turning radius was equal to 400 m only.
In 1984 the attack plane flew to the airfield of Zhukovsky (Moscow region) where it was placed for storage in the hangar of the development Ilyushin design ofice. By that time attack aircrafts Su-25 were already serially produced, they were undoubtedly superior to Il-102.
There were attempts to revive the project of Il-102, but they had no financing first, and interest from the new government second. When the Soviet troopes started to leave Afghanistan Il-102 lost any hope for any prospects. It was given a chance to say goodby at the Moscow air show of 1992 when Il-102 became a star for a short time to become a thing of the past soon after.