19 How to Pump Oil From an Oil Well?

How to Pump Oil From an Oil Well?

Posted on November 1, 2012 by team


How is oil pumped from a well? Did you know that special electric submersible pumps are used? They work inside of a well, on the very bottom. We are going to visit the city called Raduzhniy where these pumps are produced by “Almaz” (“Diamond”) company which is the only manufacturer of all submersible equipment for oil extraction in Western Siberia.

95% of all details of the produced equipment are made here, in Raduzhny. That’s why production of new equipment starts in the shop where old equipment is recycled. This cable is to be remelted soon.

As a result they take out such thick wire from the stove.

It should undergo drawing to get necessary cuts.

Spools with wire are burnt for making the copper more plastic because it becomes fragile and rigid after the drawning. Then they apply insulation on each wire.

The special machine wraps three wires with woven or needled fabric (the material similar to thick wool).

What they get is armoured cable.

It looks like this when ready.

It should be checked before delivery to a customer.

Then it needs to be packed. The total length of the cable to the motor may reach 4,5 km (2,8 miles) or more.

The well depth may vary. But it is kilometres long. The pump is located on the very bottom. The cable goes through the whole well and provides uninterrupted supply of electricity. It works at the temperature of 120 – 230 C (250 – 450 F). Now the pump itself and the motor are to be made.

Some details are melted here.

Others come in such a form.

The result is ready elements of the pump and the motor.

Diameter of the motor and the pump may vary from 9 to 13 cm (3,5 – 5 inches). At that they should get the power enough to pump oil on the height of three kilometres (1,9 miles). That’s why all the equipment is long and thin.

On the photo above the worker is assembling the future rotor of the motor.

The elements are stuck on the common shaft and the result is the motor of necessary power and length.

It’s the mechanical treatment of the motor shaft.

The pump itself represents hundreds of small centrifugal pumps which work on one and the same shaft.

These are the assembled sections of such pump.

Oil will flow through this inlet. On the bottom is a special cap, it’s the place where the motor will be fixed at.

These are different parts of centrifugal pumps.

And it’s the transport conveyor for the pump.

Here they make winding cable for electric motors.

This machine is used to winding cables with dielectric film.

Winding of electric motors is a job for women. They are more careful.

Here they work only manually.

Under the pump they fix a block with sensors (temperature, pressure, vibration).

It’s the pilot well for testing ready products.

This cable is already old and will be replaced soon.

Of course everything is much more complicated but it already goes beyond this story…

Location:Raduzhniy
via russos

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19 Responses to “How to Pump Oil From an Oil Well?”

  1. Tiger says:

    Interesting! A good insight into oil equipment production.

  2. Osip says:

    I see some quality issues here, such as the beating of component for rotor with side of crosspein hammer. This is Soviet style industrial production at its worst.

    • ProudGerman says:

      Russia/Soviets are not best on engineering compared to Germany.

    • America says:

      And yet they’ve managed to manufacture reliable jet engines since the 1950s. Go figure. That is still a major accomplishment to this day. Only a handful of countries can do it. China still hasn’t produced a reliable jet engine of their own design. It’s a major source of consternation for them, and they are set to spend billions of dollars over the next few decades to cure this manufacturing deficit. I think they are the only “aerospace nation” that still can’t domestically produce their own jet engines. (not to many countries can) And with how they’ve been knocking off the military jets Russia sells them it is unlikely Russia will sell them any engines more advanced then the ones they are already buying.

      Anyway there are times when “good enough” is indeed good enough, and others when it is not. Apparently beating shafts into pumps with a Soviet era hammer is “good enough”. For the other stuff the Russkies use a bit more precision and intellectual power to get the job done. Something to Chinese are still perfecting apparently.

      • bob says:

        Good reply!

      • jordan says:

        Russian jet engines have deplorable reliability. They’re lucky to get 1000 hours out of the ones on the AN-124.

        For the SuperJet, they went with French engines. Russian engines would have made the plane non-competitive.

        • Tiger says:

          Not quite right…the Superjet is powered by NPO Saturn engines that are developed together with Snecma. And Snecma develops its engines together with GE.

    • cinquecento says:

      the guy with a hammer is assembling the “squirrel’s cages” for asynchronous motor’s shaft. there is no need to use the numeric control machinery tools for the kind of procedure

    • Tiger says:

      Actually manual labor, including the use of a hammer, is nothing alien to industrial production, since the invention of the hammer actually. Besides, there are almost no German companies who deliver reliable oil or gas equipment. So maybe the German´s cannot produce just everything. I know the German industry very well and I can say that much of its success is based on the tradition of privately owned companies on the one hand, but also on an army of low-wage lease-laborers (Zeitarbeiter) and the outsourcing to Central- and Eastern Europe as well Asia.

  3. guest says:

    Out of all industry related posts on this site this one actually shows an active plant. But of course it is related to oil equipment, as oil and gas are one of the few things still produced by Russia.

    Everyone from the Rurikhs to Brezhnev are turning in their graves.

    • Tiger says:

      In fact the old USSR was more dependent on the oil and gas price than todays Russia, since they had to import grain and corn due to their idiotic policies. Actually I cannot remember that soviet industrial products have ever been competitive. The situation of today is largely attributed to soviet mismanagement and in fact is getting better. Projections say that Russia will soon host one of the largest automotive hubs globally, including OEMs and the 1st and 2nd tier industry as well and that the general manufacturing will rebound once the infrastructure has been upgraded. So Brezhnev has no need to rotate in his grave, since it was his and his comrades fault that the Russian industry is currently not among the top 10.

  4. ProudGerman says:

    Good enough = 268,500 defective tires will be shipped this year.

    Reply to Mr America about his ‘good enough’ drivel.

    • America says:

      lol, It is you spouting drivel. I said nothing about “good enough” practices being OK for tire production. In fact i explained that there are situations were it is perfectly acceptable and makes no difference the quality of the final product, such as installing squirrel cages in these pump motors, and others where it is absolutely not, like jet engines, or yes, tires.

      So STFU and work on your reading comprehension. That is another example of where “good enough” isn’t good enough. Reading comprehension is important to understanding what you are reading.

    • Tiger says:

      You mean “good enough” like the new Mercedes Turbo Diesel engine that had to be recalled recently because the engineers AGAIN screwed up the whole thing and the cars would not go faster than 60? Or like the automatic transmission from 2004 that was total screwup and resulted in more than 1 million recalls? Not to mention Toyota´s recent problems.

  5. jordan says:

    “Winding of electric motors is a job for women. They are more careful.”

    Actually it’s a job for machines.

    But you know. Whatever works for you.

    • Tiger says:

      No, even the cable for cars are still made by women until this very day. There is no machine available for this kind of labor. You would be surprised how much manual labor you will actually find in all the products you possess including your PC, laptop, TV, Smartphone, kitchen appliances, car…

      • America says:

        What “cable for cars” are you talking about?

        • Tiger says:

          the wiring harness…that is actually made by manual labor in Germany, Ukraine and Mexico (and needless to say China and India). Most of the workers are women since they have smaller hands and are more careful. And every single car has one.

  6. SSSR says:

    The workers are manufacturing for the Russian Federation,the hammer still has a purpose!

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