We are in Kiselevsk - a little mining town near Novokuznetsk, at Mine №12 - one of the oldest enterprises of the Kuznetsk Basin that has been working since 1917. Here, you'll see opencast mines and a coal cleaning plant of the enterprise.
Coal cleaning plant
Open pit coal mine
Ways of coal mining depend on the depth of its occurrence. It's extracted in an open way if it's not deeper than 100 m. The deepest coal mines on the territory of Russia extract coal from depth a bit more than 1200m in an underground way.
This coal mine has a max. depth of 350 m
Russia has 5,5% of the world reserve of coal, it is equal to 200 billion tons. In fact it even has 19% but most part of it cannot be processed because it is located in Siberia, in the permafrost region. 70% is brown coal.
Black coal is used in many ways. It is used as household fuel, power fuel, as raw material for metallurgy and chemical industries, also for extracting rare and trace elements from it.
The Kuznetsk coal basin is one of the largest coal mines in the world.
42-45 % of the mined coal goes for carbonization. Its main part is used in Western Siberia, Ural and the European part of Russia. Lately coal export abroad has increased for 41%.
Mine truck KOMATSU with load-carrying ability 90 tons. However they are often overloaded.