Oil and gas producing companies keep occupying new territories forcing out their native population. RN-Purneftegas, one of the branches of Russia's largest oil producer Rosneft, promised to add new colors into the life of people living in the Purovsky Region, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District. Those areas have been inhabited by Nenets, Khanty and other peoples for centuries. It is yet black that has been prevailing so far. Peoples who survived revolutions, collectivization and the chaos of the 90s are now on the verge of extinction. Oil and gas production business turned out to be more hazardous than the threat of the past.