Before the war, local people would call this area a hillock which sounded like “mamay”. During the Battle of Stalingrad it was named Vysota 102 (“Height 102″). The area acquired its new name (Mamayev Kurgan) after a reporter mentioned the word “kurgan” standing for “tumulus”.
The last shot was fired here to celebrate the victory over Paulus’ army.
According to Vuchetich, “It is an allegoric image of the Soviet warrior-nation that was ready to die in the last ditch and deliver a fatal blow to its enemy. Its body grows from the earth, as if turned into a rock – the invincible bastion against fascism. The warrior has merged with his mother-land, as if deriving its strength from it”.