The place we are going to is not far from Dmitrov, it’s the methodical and cynological centre #470 and the military nursery “Red Star”.
Sheep dogs are probably the most popular in the army. Here, in the nursery that opened in 1924, the dogs get training, serve in hot points, stand guard over the border, look for mines.
Let’s start from the museum
At war dogs not only assisted soldiers but blew up tanks. Unfortunately they were trained as kamikaze dogs. But war is always war, and human life is more valuable. Various cunning methods were used to train such selflessness. First of all the dog was trained to know that there’s food under a tank. Then food was put under a working tank in order the dog got used to its noise. Further the task became more complicated and the dog with explosives attached was sent under the moving vehicle…
Such sledges and gurneys were used to remove the injured with help of dogs away from a battlefield. In such a way they saved more than 700 000 soldiers during the war. Then the gurneys were loaded with ammunition and the dogs were sent back.
Syringe for dogs insemination
Here was another stand, devoted to pigeons this time.
Victor Cherevichkin – a Soviet teenager from Rostov-on-Don was killed by German invaders for his refusal to kill his pigeons. Germans forbade to keep pigeons to exclude information leakage.
Brains and eyes of a pigeon
Sugar bowl from Zhukovsky
At each building there is a special device for shoes cleaning. In winter soldiers wear valenki, by the way.
Some dogs live here, others are trained within 3 months to be sent to various parts of the country for service. Type of service depends on a dog’s temper. Reckless dogs, loving games are perfect for searching mines, more aggressive ones are used to guard.