23 Space Is Calling

Space Is Calling

Posted on March 10, 2012 by

Yuri Gagarin was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut who was the first human to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on April 12th, 1961.

Gagarin was one of the 20 cosmonauts selected by Korolev for the Soviet space program.

Pioneer Gagarin.

Gagarin once said about those who were not meant to be sent to space, “There is one thing that unites all of them – it is their desire to become good pilots, cosmonauts. Space is calling for them. And it always will. Like an eternal call”.

Gagarin and other prospective cosmonauts were subjected to experiments designed to test physical and psychological endurance and carried out by a medical committee.

Gagarin had good eyesight and a strong and healthy heart and lungs. He successfully passed all vestibular experiments.

Gagarin’s ability to adjust to vibration, overload and hypoxia was amazing.

Gagarin successfully passed all psychological tests. He proved to have a high degree of intellectual development, fantastic memory, sharp and far-ranging sense of attention to his surroundings, well-developed imagination and quick reactions.

The antiorthostatic test was one of the most difficult tests for Gagarin. The cosmonaut was fastened to a table and had to lay still for a long time in different positions (including upside down) to reveal possible pathologies.

His ability to focus and memory were tested in the shaker, altitude chamber and centrifuge. Gagarin had a right to refuse further testing any minute and leave the testing center but he wasn’t going to give up.

He was also a good physiologist and could comfort any person in trouble.

Test after test, he would read another “fit” in his medical record. He knew that the centrifuge – a device that tests the reactions and tolerance of pilots and astronauts to acceleration above those experienced in the Earth’s gravity – destroyed dreams of many pilots and cosmonauts and he tried to do his best when it was time for him to take a centrifuge test.

He was weighted (68 kg) to balance the centrifuge and fastened inside. Gagarin was to push the buttons to turn off the lights which were situated right in front of his eyes. The test was passed successfully.

All further centrifuge tests were completed. The medical committee tested 250 pilots and Gagarin was one of the 20 people who passed all the tests, including the centrifuge.

In March, 1960 the team of cosmonauts-to-be was transported to a city in the Moscow Region that was named Star City by Gagarin.

The cosmonauts were lectured on rocket structure and its systems, space medicine, space communications, etc. Korolev spent more and more time with the cosmonauts trying to determine psychophysiological peculiarities of each of them.

When the cosmonauts had some leisure time, they played volleyball, basketball (Gagarin was the best player despite the fact he was short), other ball games, exercised on the trampoline, swings, etc.

Continuous exercising resulted in improving Gagarin’s performance and helped him prepare for parachute jumping. He had his first parachute jump in May, 1960 outside Engels.

He performed his first parachute jump excellent. He was calm, focused and confident. He quickly mastered his skilles in body control in flight.

The next test Gagarin was to take was a “silence chamber”. Gagarin was to remain inside the silence chamber – isolated from the rest of the world, people, light and sounds – for 10 days doing exercises and fulfilling certain tasks. His heart rate and respiratory rate were regularly measured.

His menu included soup, smoked sausage, melted cheese and bread. Staying in that chamber, Gagarin never gave way to despair, read and sang songs. When the door of the chamber opened 10 days later, he came out as healthy, cheerful and kind-hearted, as he had always been.

Gagarin received As for each of the three weightlessness tests he took. After that, they were let inside the Vostok.

On April 10th, 1961 the state committee chose Gagarin as the one to be sent to space and Titov as Gagarin’s backup man.
Prior to his departure, Gagarin made a speech which was broadcast throughout the Soviet Union and retransmitted worldwide.
“All my life now appears to be one happy moment,” Gagarin said mere minutes before entering his spaceship. “Everything that was lived and done before was achieved for this moment alone.”

The flight went as planned.

His open, triumphant smile, both upon landing and minutes before take-off, instantly became a worldwide symbol of the space age.

via bigpicture.ru

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23 Responses to “Space Is Calling”

  1. XyuH says:

    Gagarin was nothing but the friggin communist puppet poster boy

    • Sean says:

      You embarrass yourself….

    • OldBikr says:

      All space travelers get that treatment. He had to be very capable to accomplish the things he did, so show some respect.

      We’ll see what a media puppet looks like when China finally catches up to where the Soviet Union and the United States were in the SIXTIES.

  2. CZenda says:

    Local joke from 60s:
    “Did you hear it? Soviets went to space!”
    “Great – all of them?”

  3. IamI says:

    Wow – simply Yuri Superstar Gagarin!

  4. Daniel says:

    A brave man and a pioneer.

  5. perristalsis says:

    A true pioneer and legend to many people of other nations. I always felt the U.S. was unjustly dismissive of the early accomplishments of the Soviet space program without good cause, labeling such triumphs as the first woman in space a “stunt”, when in fact it was a true milestone worthy of respect.

  6. Mercal says:

    The USSR was ruled by murderers from the Communist regime and the KGB. It is a false facade of showing life was easy, it was not. Many East Germans gave their life trying to escape the Soviet tyrannical rule of misery.

    • 山下智久 says:

      my friend i think you are just brainwashed by western running dog!pathetic!

      • OldBikr says:

        Hmmm? And your point is? I should think there are many who could be called “brainwashed”, yourself perhaps?

    • www says:

      ha ha
      The communist party is created in the West
      Revolution 1917 was made by Zionists!!! Zionists have killed tsar
      Zionists have created KGB

    • Sean says:

      Eastern Germany was worse than USSR, it’s always like that. The empire’s metropolia is always more liberal, than enslaved provinces. It only embarrasses germans, not russians….

    • wehadgooddays says:

      If you didn’t grow up in the Soviet era/area, you know nothing. Stop embarrassing yourself. The USSR was not as bad as the rest of the world perceived it. Sure, there were flaws. Of course there were. But at least Russia is rising above it.

  7. moo says:

    A true hero of humanity!

  8. Luis says:

    Cheer to Serguei Korolev, the true hero and genius behind the soviet space program!

  9. mukmika says:

    He will always be the first person in space, a courageous man.

  10. Pat says:

    The only reason the U.S. pushed for a Moon landing is because of Gagarin. He is an unsung hero pilot.

  11. RuKsaK says:

    I was told he wasn’t the first man in space. He was the first one back!

  12. amd48 says:

    You are all now use products the space race the U.S. and the USSR. The two most powerful nation the world have reached such heights, and opened a space for you. It does not matter what country it was for. Now China is on the trodden tracks and plays all the way. Upon reaching the beginning of the achievements of the 90th, it will begin its own unique design. And then you criticize China for its communist – a socialist – capitalist system?
    You are talking such nonsense …

  13. SSSR says:

    My biggest concern is that Goldeneye sattelite that is said to still be operational around the Earth.

    Besides that it is all about competition.The world gets nowhere without it!

  14. lbytesxk says:

    Didn’t they send monkeys and dogs into orbit successfully before Gagarin? Yeah rest my case, he must have been much more intelligent and agile than a monkey

  15. javox says:

    true…they had such a great space program back on the golden age of ussr but both used scientifics from germany and around the area, if i remember well after the nazy came down most of the secrect advances they did were took to USA and USSR….

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