6 About Soviet Airships

About Soviet Airships

Posted on February 6, 2012 by


They had both ups and downs in airship engineering and these are some historic facts for you to check out.

In fall 1920, in Salizi Village in the Leningrad Region, they began to assemble a Frech-produced airship they renamed into Krasnaya Zvezda.

Another flight of the airship ended with a crash because of the wind and defects in the air ship construction. Its gondola tore off the airship hull.

VI Oktyabr airship, 1923.

VI Oktyabr was the first Soviet airship. It was build of makeshift materials in Petrograd.

Volume: 1,700 m3, length: 39 m, diameter: 8 m. VI Oktyabr has made just a few flights.

Moskovsky Khimik-rezinschik airship, 1924.

It was built due to the voluntary contributions made by the workers of chemical and rubber-processing industries (and was named after them). Volume: 2,500 m3, length: 45 m, diameter: 10 m, speed: 62 km/h, load-carrying ability: 900 kg. Flying from Leningrad to Moscow, it was mistakingly shot down by guards of a military factory in Tver.

Moskovsky Khimik-rezinschik airship, Gatchina, the Leningrad Region, 1928.

After its reconstruction, it had another crash and was disassembled.

Komsomolskaya Pravda airship, 1930.

Its first test flight occurred on August 29th, 1930. In 1934, it burnt after being struck with a lightning in the boathouse where it was kept together with its modernized versions.

Komsomolskaya Pravda’s first test flight.

USSR-V2 Smolny airship, 1932.

Senior flight mechanic in Smolny before another flight.

On September 6th, 1935 in Donbass, a sudden squall tore the airship away from its stand with 4 crew members and 11 children excursionists aborad. The commander of the airship managed to get to the airship by a rope when it was 120 m high to start up the engines. Almost 6 hours later, when the wind fell, they returned to the base safe and sound. Commander Gudovantsev was awarded with a Red Star Order.

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6 Responses to “About Soviet Airships”

  1. People's Commissar says:

    Never taking a ride in a ussr airship…

  2. Osip says:

    Perhaps they could have shown the TYREX blimp. Largest advertising airship in the world, also one with most endurance.

  3. (r)evolutionist says:

    A blip (not blimp) in the history of transportation.

  4. Aerocrat says:

    During Soviet period there were built more 20 blimps and semirigid airships in USSR. Joseph Stalin invited in early 1930s famous italian airships’ designer Umberto Nobile. U.Nobile leved in USSR 5 yers and was the chief-designer of Soviet state concern ‘Dirigiblestroi’ about Moscow. After Nobile left USSR soviet engineers continued to create LTA transport system. Best of the Soviet airship til now – semirigid airship V6 ‘Osoaviakhim’ (1936) what was built by Nobile team. Late USSR was many interesting projects of airships but live nor a semirigid nother blimp was. Only in 1994 was made 1-seat blimp in the Moscow Aviation Istitute, then 2-seat same craft and then little commercial firm made in 2003-2010 10 gas blimps (most of them – 8-seats Au-30) which was presents in aviasalon MAKS-2007… now there are not live gas airships in Russia (only projects without investments and not flying sysstems). Bbout hotair ads manned LTA systems I don’t say.

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