The city of Ishimbay is called second Baku. In 1930 they started development of the second largest oil field with the first one being developed in Baku. In 1960 Baku occupied the first position in the list of places known for oil extraction in the USSR. And only
after a new oil field discovery in Siberia Ishimbay city started losing its former importance. Today we'll visit the place where one of the Russian great legends that contributed to development of oil and exploration of the North was born.
The first generation of the automatic telephone exchange used in Russia was a decade-step exchange. The decade-step exchange was replaced with a crossbar exchange which in its turn was followed by a quasi-electronic exchange and digital exchange. You are unlikely to find a decade-step exchange
today while there are plenty of crossbar exchanges in the country. So, let us take you to Kaliningrad to show you a crossbar exchange belonging to Rostelecom, Russia's leading long-distance telephony provider. There are two crossbar exchanges in the building on the right.