The Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics (BINP) is one of the major centers of advanced study of nuclear physics in Russia. It is located in the Siberian town Akademgorodok and was founded by Gersh Budker in 1959. Gersh Budker, also named Andrey Mikhailovich Budker, was a Soviet nuclear physicist. He was appointed Corresponding Member of the Siberian branch of the Soviet Academy of Sciences on March 28, 1958, and was made an Academician of the division of nuclear physics on June 26, 1964. He is best known for his invention in 1968 of electron cooling, a method of reducing the emittance of particle beams by thermalisation with a co-propagating electron beam. His portrait decorates the famous Round Table room in the institute.
Following his death, the institute was renamed the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics in his honour. Budker died in Akademgorodok from a heart attack at 59. The BINP is not actually an institute because has its own production and unique for Russian technologies. Despite its name, the center was not involved either with military atomic science or nuclear reactors - instead, its concentration was on high-energy physics (particularly plasma physics) and particle physics. In 1961 the institute began building the first particle accelerator in the world which collided two beams of particles. The BINP now employs over 3000 people, and hosts several research groups and facilities.
Jacques Dupâquier, a French scientist, historian and member of the Communist Party of France, visited the Soviet Union three times. Below there are photographs that he took in 1956 in Uzbekistan. “Spending several days in Moscow, we flew to Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan. The old propeller planes flew no higher than 3,200 m so we were able to enjoy Central Asia to the full. Tashkent was a large city with an only avenue. Nevertheless, it all was destroyed in the 1966 earthquake. I have been to its market and saw ladies wearing traditional costumes, went to a mosque and met local officials…” Recalling his trip, Dupâquier would say the following, “I made a bunch of photos
from the plane…” “I saw their ‘Virgin Lands’, a grandiose project which however was not fulfilled properly. I saw huge fields with a lot of agricultural equipment. They had no hangars and kept grain in trenches, like they did in the Middle Ages. They had no protection from rats and bad weather. When I saw it, I understood why this project failed…” “People harvested cotton with their hands and it was terrible… It was only in Soviet movies where they showed all those combines and other equipment…” “I loved Uzbek people. They were so calm and peaceful. Perhaps, all that vanished several years later…”
Photographer Anzor Bukharsky believes that it is important for a photographer not to look for a good shot, but be able to see the good stuff around. He says he does not like staged photographs, photographs spinned out of thin air or limited by
certain ideas of what, for example, an ethnic photo should be like: a woman wearing a national costume with a child in her hands, a camel, etc. Check out what Anzor Bukharsky thinks to be good photography reflecting real life.