This time we want to show you how they sort out and press tobacco to sell it to tobacco factories. Welcome to this tobacco plantation near Chilik Village, Kazakhstan.
At this plantation, they dry tobacco leaves in the sun for three to four days. They pick the tobacco leaves up early in the morning, when they are relatively soft after moist night air.
After that, they make bunches out of the tobacco leaves to dry them in the shed protecting them from wind and moist.
They store the tobacco leaves like that until sorting.
In mid September, they sort out and press tobacco to later sell it.
Tobacco sorting takes place in an enclosed space.
Both men and women participate in sorting. There is work for everyone.
These are mostly guest workers from Kyrgyzstan who grow tobacco in Kazakhstan. In December, when the tobacco they have grown is sold, they return to Kyrgyzstan to their families.
They sort out six types of tobacco. Main criteria are color and quality of the leaf. Each worker can sort out up to 60 kg of tobacco per day.
They put the leaves one on one in the same direction and press them to make stacks of tobacco from 14 to 18 kg each.
Before transporting the tobacco to the tobacco factory, the stacks are wrapped into linen.
The company accepts from 800 to 1,000 stacks of tobacco daily.
After the economic crisis, the number of tobacco farmers has decreased. Thus, in 2022, there were 4,700 farmers growing tobacco, and in 2011 there are just 200 of them left.
Each hectare of land gives the farmer from 1.7 tons to 2.5 tons of tobacco.