Let’s go to ITAR-TASS topography based in Moscow to have a short walk through industrial premises and observe the working process there. Today you are going to understand what is meant by printing.
In the typography all the processes start with the client department. Negotiations are usually conducted in the room which is modest but very comfortable.
Then managers compile a technical sheet for printing and send materials to the preprinting department. They mainly use offset printing which is different from our home printers.
First, they form printing plates. Computer-to-plate technology allows to take forms for every colored component right from the computer.
A ready-made form looks like an aluminum sheet which will be later placed around the drum of the printing machine.
After that sheets fit together following special marks. An image is then transferred to a plate. As you can see, the process is rather complicated. The place comprises two Heidelberg MOV-H printing machines. A plate is fixed to every drum.
Control panel of the machine.
The process of manual film fixing needs to be repeated here. As a plate fixed on every drum can be shifted, the final image will have shifted colors too. A large number of sheets will be utilized here.
Experienced employees can put the sheets together with minimum losses. After the sheets are put together they start working with colors comparing them with the ones on the reference color proofing.
The machine is used for black-and-white printing.
The Mitsubishi 3F5 printing machine has 5 sections with different colors in them.
The working place of the printing machine.
The system supports the necessary humidity.
Due to the ventilators ink is dried faster.
The printing machine is a complex device and needs regular maintenance.
The machine performs simple operations composing a booklet of separate papers.
The process is controlled by an operator.
More complex devices.
Here separate papers are put together and supplied with a cover.
The booklet is fixed.
Paper edges are cut.
General view of the workshop.
The device bends papers at necessary sites.
If needed, the ready-made products are packed in a film.
Here finished products are manually packed.
Then the booklets are sent to the warehouse. Only after that clients will get them.
Working with yellow color. Colors are poisonous and the entire printing production is toxic.
Cans with ink.