The white Samoyed dog which resembles both a white bear and a wolf, appeared in Siberia many centuries ago to become a good friend to nomadic Samoyede people.
This breed is considered to be one of the oldest and was named after people living in the northern parts of Russia and Siberia. Nomadic tribes needed animals to carry loads, pasture deer and warm them up when it’s freezing and it was the Samoyed dog which became their four-legged friends and helpers.
In 1889, Ernest Kilburn Scott had accompanied a Royal Zoological Society expedition to Russia, where he purchased a puppy from the Samoyede people. The puppy was mostly brown with white spots on his chest, paws and tail. He named the puppy Sabarka and brought him back to England. In 1892, The Scotts were the first to exhibit a Samoyed in a dog show, and created a stir as the dog took second place at the Leeds Dog Show.
The Samoyed breed’s strength, work ethic and temperament made them a choice for Polar expeditions. Norwegian explorer and Nobel Peace Prize winner Fridtjof Nansen introduced the Samoyed dog into the civilized world by using this breed in his expeditions throughout Arctic regions in his attempts to reach the North Pole.Â Despite brutal conditions, Nansen’s 1895 expedition, which was lead by a team of Samoyed dogs was a success that was made headline news worldwide.