15 School Reforms In The USSR

School Reforms In The USSR

Posted on December 12, 2011 by

71 years ago, they introduced tuition fee in senior school and institutes of higher education of the Soviet Union.

In schools of Moscow, it was 7$ a year and 5$ for small-town schools. As for higher education, it was 13$ for Moscow and Leningrad, and 10$ for other cities. Yearly tuition payment could be compared with an average monthly wage of a Soviet worker. However, for many Soviet people, introduction of tuition fee ruled out the possibility to continue education after the 7th grade (for example, people working at collective farms at that time did not receive salary at all).

As a result, number of high school graduated reduced by two and it was exactly what government wanted. The point was that the country needed work force to work a machine.

Moreover, in the 40s, government adopted a law according to which young people over 14 could be called up to study at technical secondary schools to later work at factories for at least 4 years. Violation of the law and misbehavior resulting in expelling from school were made penal.

In the picture: carpenter pupils.

The only social ladder for the lower class became military schools where education remained free, or working in the People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs after active duty.

Nikita S. Khrushchev introduced compulsory eight-year education whereas nine and ten graders had to work at factories for two days a week to pay for school. Besides, to enter a university one had to have at least two years of after school working experience.

The school education system the way Russian has it now appeared in 1996.

via mgsupgs

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15 Responses to “School Reforms In The USSR”

  1. (r)evolutionist says:

    Yep, Stalin was a real Communist, huh? He dismantled Communism and this is just but one example. Communism in name, Red fascism in practice.

  2. IamI says:

    @last picture – is it intentional to mix Khrushchev in text with Brezhnev on picture? ;)

  3. Hirsh says:

    Yet one more way to control and enslave the masses. All to often revolution just leads to trading one oppressor for another and hopes are dashed.

    • SMERSH says:

      Agreed. The Arab Spring, OWS, now the events in Russia… be careful what you wish for. You trade Nicholas for Vladimir and end up with Iosef.

  4. Michael Colbert says:

    the $10 for other cities…? Could you give more information on that? My wife was educated during the soviet era and was trained and worked as a teacher there, well after the ‘wall’ fell. She never knew of tuition fees. Her mother, also recognised officially as ‘Teacher of the Russian Federation’ is also unaware of these ‘fees’. Curious.

  5. 山下智久 says:

    Long Live Comrade Stalin!Long live Chairman Mao!

  6. alavarus says:

    The source from which this page was translated says that state limits on people’s education ended in 1966, not 1996.

  7. opticalsound says:

    In other words, long live democide? Whatever…

  8. TED says:

    there was no fees soviet union provided their people with free high qulity education all this information is a lie, my grandmother studied to become a doctor during 1950 and didnt have to pay a ruble

    • Vasia says:

      When you don’t pay for work, you must provide a free education at least. I grown in soviet union and now I’m very happy that this nightmare don’t exists anymore. Now I’m free and highly paid specialist. This would be impossible in soviet regime.

      • L1a5 says:

        I am very happy for you. But you must realize that although you felt that you were underpaid there were many people who enjoyed their life and money they made. It was a different life but also happier one for many people. Dont hate.

  9. Danila says:

    On the last picture not Khrushcev. It’s a Leonid Ilyitch Brezhnev.

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