32 Perfect Transport For Russian Wide Spaces

Perfect Transport For Russian Wide Spaces

Posted on December 6, 2011 by

‘The Dmitrievskogo aerosledge.’

After The Civil War, the country was left in ruins. Industry, system of education were almost completely destroyed. So, Vladimir Lenin announced the beginning of the New Economic Policy (NEP) which was supposed to restore the Russian economics. Among those which participated in NEP, were various defence-sports and technical associations which played an important role in cross-country vehicle development.

The ANT-VI aerosledge, 1926.’

Military-Scientific Association (MSA) was a pioneer organization which helped the Red Army in strengthening the country’s defences and personnel training. With time, MSA switched over to the civil population and consequently, was renamed into Defence Assistance Society (DAS).

‘The NAMI aerosledge, 1926.’

‘Dinamo’ Proletarian Sports Society appeared in 1923. Extending its sphere of influence, it acquired regional offices subordinate to the Central Council. ‘Dinamo’ was in charge of stadiums, shooting galleries, aero clubs and technical circles. In spring, they organized Air Force Friends Society (AFFS) which later merged with another society into ‘Aviachim’ which capital exceeded 4.5 million rubles in gold (150 thousand dollars).

‘The TsAGI aerosledge in Novgorod, 1926.’

In 1927, DAS merged with ‘Aviachim’ into ‘DASAviachim’, which carried our works in propaganda (lections, meetings), rallies and other events organization. In February 1926, ‘Aviachim’ held a 1446-kilometer long Mosocw-Tver-Vyshny Volochek-Novgorod-Leningrad race there and back. 13 aerosledges participated in the event. Participants had to put up with different road conditions (frosts and thaw), so just 9 of them managed to go the distance.

‘The ARKhCZO I-3 aerosledge.’

Next month, they held a speed contest for aerosledges and then a race for the ANT-IV aerosledges without refuelling, which proved to be reliable and technically advanced.

‘A list of aerosledges which participated in a race in 1926.’

The NAMI NRB-V and TsAGI ANT-IV took part in a 2240-kilometer long race organized in 1927, visiting 15 cities of the country. In Leningrad, the I-3 and ‘Morskaya Aviabaza’ joined the team.

‘The ANT-IV aerosledge which participated in a Moscow-Lenigrad race without refuelling.’

Aerosledges built by amateur constructors (like P. F. Toporov) also participated in races and some of them were rather successful. Attempts to construct a unified glider model failed due to lack of financing.

‘The ‘Krasny Saper’ aerosledge built in Vladimir, 1929.’

At that time, it was a norm to pass old or broken military hardware and equipment (mostly from aircrafts) to different societies which could find out where they could be applied again. However, ‘Aviachim’ began to receive facilities and equipment on a regular basis only in 1926. Apart from voluntary contributions and state allocations, its main source of finance was lottery.

The newly formed ‘Avtodor’ Society aimed its activity at road construction and cross-country vehicles development which didn’t need roads as such.

‘The ANT-IV aerosledge with the ‘Lucifer’ engine.’

‘A rally in Moscow, 1993.’ ‘Avtodor’ was also financed mostly by lotteries.

The organization participated in construction of half track cars and provided the army with all kinds of vehicles: trucks, cars, motorcycles, aerosledges, gliders, motorboats, cross-country vehicles and armoured vehicles.

‘The Dmitrievskogo aerosledge.’

It also trained drivers who had to take special tests after they completed the program (a race by aerosledge could be a part of the test).


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32 Responses to “Perfect Transport For Russian Wide Spaces”

  1. (r)evolutionist says:

    Like him or not, Comrade Lenin was the Father of Modern Russia. A believer in science unlike the “horse and carriage” Tsars.

    • too much vodka says:

      Like him or not, Comrade Lenin was the ruthless dictator of Modern Russia, a believer in concentration camps, terror and the totalitarian state, unlike the autocratic tsars.

    • Don says:

      Somehow in Tsarist Russia was made first avia bombers for long distance,first real flying prototype of helicopter by Sikorsky,first television signal,radio signal too,before Marconi’s patent. There other things to be proud of,lot of them….Communists during in 1920’s and in 1930’s knew only how to kill or send in Siberia thouthands of scientists. Lenin did nothing for science.

      • Bogdanov says:

        What good were a couple of inventions against widespread poverty, pogroms, endemic disease, accepted wife beating, illiteracy, and kerosene lamps?

        • too much vodka says:

          And what good was electrification against civil war, widespread poverty, mass deportations, organised famine and political terror?

          • ayaa says:

            And what good is you crying about it going to change the fact that Russians (not Americans or British or Belgians) wanted Lenin more than almost any of the Tsars.

            • Don says:

              No one wanted him. Bolshevics with him lost elections and after it started civil war to get power by bloody way.

            • too much vodka says:

              Who is talking about the tsars? And what good is you not knowing your own history: the only time Lenin held an election, in 1917, Lenins Bolsheviks only got 23 % of the vote, so one couldn’t really say the Russians really wanted Lenin. Bolsheviks by the way never won any fair election in Russia, not in 1917 and not before or after 1991. That is why Lenin needed to take power with force, resulting in a bloody civil war, something which would have been avoided if bolsheviks had stuck to normal democratic policies. And yes, maybe you are right, maybe some Russians do want to run after a totalitarian dictator with no respect for the life of his own citizens, but maybe that tells a lot about that particular group of Russians, in contrast to Americans, British or Belgians and of course, in contrast to the vast majority of Russians who stated clearly via elections that they didn’t want the bolsheviks in power.

              • ayaa says:

                SO in the Civil war it was American, British and Belgians that mostly sided with the Reds, and subsequently Lenin.

                And it’s interesting that you should quote a russian election at all, seeing the reaction with which most westerners greeted the last Duma vote.

                • too much vodka says:

                  Are you sure the Reds won just because they had a larger army? The fact that there was no united leadership, no united organisation and no common ideology on the White side contributed probably more the the Bolshevik victory than the fact that the Red army would have had more volunteers and more popular support. At least the fact that during the Civil War the Red Terror killed hundreds of thousands of “ennemies of the people” is not really evidence of massive popular support. And by the way, most negative reactions on the latest Duma elections came from Russians, the Western press was hardly interested.

                  • ayaa says:

                    Exactly. Its a fact that the Reds had far more volunteers and more popular support.

                    And have you ever heard of anything called the White Terror. Probably not.

                    I have yet to see a single Russian newspaper or tv station wholly devoted to denouncing United Russia like I see on CNN and BBC and their likes.

    • (r)evolutionist says:

      You can dislike him but you can’t change history. Rasputin didn’t snap his fingers and modernize Russia. Lenin and the NEP did.

      • too much vodka says:

        The one who really modernised, i.e. industrialised, the Soviet Union was Stalin but he did so at a terrible and unacceptable cost. By the way, don’t give Lenin too much credit in modernising the country. After seizing power in 1917, the country was in complete turmoil in a civil war until 1920/1921. After that, Lenin had a 2 strokes in 1922 and a third in 1923 which left him completely disabled until his death in 1924. How he would have been able to modernise a whole country in these conditions is a complete mystery.

  2. CZenda says:

    The corrugated sheet design reminds that of Junkers aircrafts. IIRC, the company moved its personnel and research/development to USSR after the Treaty of Versailles.

  3. Resim Bul says:

    They are very important images, you are good?

  4. 山下智久 says:

    Comrade stalin was the Father of Modern Russia.Long live Comrade Stalin!

    • too much vodka says:

      Yes, and pity Modern Russia with such a father.

    • ayaa says:

      Stalin? Father? No way! Maybe the father of modern Georgia, but sure as hell not Russia. He undid practically everything that Lenin, Trotsky and even the Tsars had worked for.

      You and everybody else (especially you vodka) could really do with a proper history lesson.

      • too much vodka says:

        I don’t think I have to receive lessons in history from someone who still believes Lenin was a valuable leader. And don’t be mistaken, Stalin really was the father of the Soviet Union – which the poster with the Chinese or Japanese name apperantly mistook for modern Russia. Until it was dissolved in 1991, the Soviet Union with all it’s political, economical and social structure functioned in the way it was designed by Stalin.

        • ayaa says:

          An if Lenin’s NEP had been carried out, the USSR might not have been the same way, and might have been a far better place to live.

          Instead of a crash industrialisation happenening overnight, industrialisation could have been achieved at a more moderate pace, and not have taken millions with it.

          BTW when I said you needed history lessons, I meant to specifically focus on Imperial Russia, and see if the tsars were any better than their successors.

          • too much vodka says:

            Bad government by the tsars is no excuse for the mistakes and crimes made by the communist regime. If Lenin’s NEP had been carried out as it was conceived by Lenin, it would’nt have lasted long anyway. Lenin considered the NEP always as an interim measure, necessary to overcome the troubles created by the civil war. Lenin would at some moment have sided with the leftwing Bolsheviks and dismissed the NEP at the moment it became clear the NEP was creating problems of it’s own, something that was obvious at the end ot twenties.

            • ayaa says:

              Lenin never had any intention of keeping the NEP as it was. His plan was to keep the NEP, atleast until the economy had settled down and then slowly begin to focus on heavy industries.

              Once again, you really need history lessons.

        • 山下智久 says:

          I am sorry Reply ayaa

        • 山下智久 says:

          You are right i agree with you!

      • 山下智久 says:

        请问他毁掉了什么?当然我知道美国人和西方国家害怕斯大林这样的伟人,所以污蔑他的一切是吗?Defeat American imperialism!

        • ayaa says:

          Sorry, I don’t know Chinese but if what my translator says is ryt, you are asking what Stalin destroyed, is that correct?

          Look all over Russia. Or better yet, look to Ukraine. It wasn’t Lenin’s NEP that caused the 1930’s famine, was it. It was Stalin and his industrialisation. Or are you going to say that Stalins cronies had discovered a new bio-weapon and had run out of test-monkeys and lab-rats. :P

  5. yojimbo says:

    That was not really unique to Junkers aircraft Ford(Tri-Motor) and several other smaller aircraft makers also used the material.At the time it was the best way to increase strength at the cost of high drag of course.

    The Russians would simply used the best material available at the time.

    They even made use in small numbers of a similar design vehicle in early WWII.

  6. Mathieu says:

    Soviet spies were very good to copy or to recreate plans of existing Canadian and US snowmobiles.

    In Valcourt (Province of Quebec, Canada), the Bombardier (now named BPR or BRP) museum guide will tell you that many models where bought once by the Soviets and then duplicate.

  7. ayaa says:

    Its interesting how so many people, especially westerners, don’t like Putin and do everything they can to discredit him and United Russia.

    Lets just say that in the next presidential elections, the CPRF manages to pull its act together and win. I’m sure the western media would be in uproar, saying all sorts of nasty stuff about socialism and Russia’s communist history.

    Oh well.

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