They’ve been building the Fourth Ring Road on and off. According to its project, after they open the Forth Ring Road, the traffic jam situation on the MKAD and the Third Ring Road will improve.
The work began in 2008 with the construction of a parking lot which was to be above the road. Apparently, the builders were very enthusiastic about it at first, so the pace of construction was really fast.
In the end of 2009, they opened 4 auxiliary traffic lanes… and that’s it.
If you google the road, this is what you’ll get. The opening date keeps being put off. At first they said it was going to open in 2008, then 2009, 2010, 2011…
But as far as it looks, they won’t be able to finish it in 2011 either.
Recently, new information concerning the road construction came up. So, according to Moscow officials, the project of the Fourth Ring Road is going to be changed, but by 2013, the road will be put into operation. Really?
In fact they’ve done a lot already, even though Mayor Sergey Sobyanin said that construction of the Fourth Ring Road was too expensive for the city (30 billion dollars!). The point is that since they opened the Third Road Ring, nothing’s really changed for the better and, moreover, with this price of the construction, in the years to come the city will have to spend all its budget on the road and nothing else.
Is it really that expensive? Some compare the price of one kilometer of the road with the price of one kilometer of the Large Hadron Collider. Other say that it is comparable with the famous bridge in France or the tunnel in Boston, which was the most expensive project in the history of the USA. Moscow officials deny the charge, assuring that the price is reasonable.
To build a 3.8 kilometer-long section of the road, they claim that they need about 2.2 billion dollars!
Here is another comparison to make it clear for you: to build a 2.4-kilometer long Viaduc de Millau in France, they spent 530 million dollars, which is cheaper than to build just one kilometer of the Fourth Ring Road in Russia. We do not mention the fact that the French bridge is a masterpiece of engineering, breaking three world records.
One kilometer of the Fourth Ring Road is twice as expensive as one kilometer of the undersea Channel Tunnel!
They say that if it had been built not in Moscow but somewhere else, let’s say in the field, they would need just 1 billion dollars, because in this case they wouldn’t have to move industries from the way, purchase citizens’ garages and preserve the infrastucture.
The most difficult part was to persuade the owners of the garages to sell their sheds; The Russian Railways was the easiest to agree with. Maybe it was so because the company’s managers are also shareholders of the company ‘Mostotrest’ which’d won the tender for the construction of a 3.871-kilomemer-long section of the road…
The road is going to have four lanes in both directions, plus additional exit and entrance lanes.