8 Secret Laser Devices Of the Soviet Union

Secret Laser Devices Of the Soviet Union

Posted on November 8, 2011 by team

In the beginning of 70s military leadership of Soviet Union had a great interest in laser weapon development. Laser equipment was planned to put in space platforms, stations and aircrafts.

All the built units were based on stationary sources of energy and didn’t meet the requirment of military space – full autonomy. This also didn’t allow designers to carry out rigorous test. The government of the USSR ordered the Navy to test and work out autonomy. Laser gun which was figured in all documents as MSU (powerful propulsion unit) was decided to be installed to a ship.
In 1976 Sergey Gorshkov, a chairman of Navy approved rebuilding of landing ship 770 SDK-20 to experimental ship called project 10030 “Foros”. It was planned to test here “Akvilon” – a laser complex which targets were optical-electron units and opponent ship crew.
Process of rebuilding lasted for 8 years. Ship’s hull needed to be imroved because of “Akvilon” huge size and weight. At last in September of 1984 ship OS-90 “Foros” joined The Black Sea Fleet of the USSR.

Indeed, a lot had been changed in the ship’s hull. Traps were replaced by stem and bow section, 1,5 metre wide board bulge were formed, additional storey was built as 1 module with all equipment and rooms, a crane of  100 tonne carrying capacity was installed. To lower the level of noise all living and service rooms had sound-absorbing isolation. Cofferdam (a narrow horizontal or vertical section separating neighbouring rooms) also emerged for this purpose.

“Akvilon” complex was installed very carefully. A great attention was paid at designing of its bearing.

In October of 1984 first successful tests of “Foros” were carried out in Feodosiya. It was the first time in history of Soviet Navy when low flying missile had been promptly found and destructed by laser beam.

But there were some disadvantages – the attack lasted for several seconds and preparations took more than 24 hours. Efficiency output was very low – about 5%. No doubt that scientists gained experience of using laser in the battle. But dissolution of the Soviet Union and following economic crisis stopped the experiments.

“Foros” wasn’t the only Soviet Navy ship where laser units were tested.

Practically at the same, in 1978, began modernization of  dry cargo ship “Dikson” in Sevastopol and building of laser unit in Kaluga. All the work on creating a new laser gun was kept in secret. It must have become the most powerful Soviet battle laser unit. The project was called “Aidar”.

Modernization of “Dikson” required a great amount of money and resources. Moreover during the work designers often faced scientific and technical problems. For example, in order to equip the ship with 400 air bottles designers had to put off metal covering from both sides completely. It was found out later that hydrogen could be accumulated in confined space and blow by an accident. So they had to install heavy ventilation system. Especially for laser unit the top deck was designed to be opened as 2 parts. As a result builders had to strengthen the hull which lost its tenacity. To strenghten propulsion system the ship was equipped with 3 Tu-154 jet engines.

In the end of 1979 “Dikson” was moved to the Black Sea, the Crimea, Feodosiya. Here at Ordzhonikidze shipyard it was equipped with a laser gun and control systems. The crew settled the ship also here.

Laser gun.


More stories:

Click here to read next random post from English Russia

8 Responses to “Secret Laser Devices Of the Soviet Union”

  1. Hola! says:

    The biggest challenge with battle lasers is to build the source which would fill the laser’s core with the fast and powerful impuls of energy and to switch its quantum state into the excited regime, so it would release it with coherent electromagnetic wave of light. According to the law of energy conservation, the source should be really powerful, usually, only the energy released by strong explosion can provide that and in case of lasers capable of shooting down the ballistic missiles – the small nuclear explosion should excite the laser. This makes lasers too expensive. Of course, lasers can be build, but this would be too expensive and devouring the taxpayers money. It’s way more important to build the portable powerful source of energy, such as portable TOKAMAK or battery capable of quick powerful discharge or the hypersonic missiles with intelligent targeting systems.

  2. soman says:

    good text!

  3. Mr. Fox says:

    OMG! Interesting.

  4. yojimbo says:

    The military industrial complex in the US(not to say that there was one in the USSR as well 70% of GDP on military) was really concerned about Soviet laser development.There was a much more powerful(in theory)laser at a facility the intent was for it to destroy spy satellites and also MIRVs it never got to that stage of development though but this was not discovered until the late 80’s.

    The whole “Star Wars” idea was a joke to be honest that never got much beyond the experimental stages either.The leadership in the West greatly feared a preemptive strike against its strategic missiles the Soviets leadership was most afraid of a decapitating strike against the leadership.The US came up with “Star Wars and the “MX” missiles the Soviets came up with “Dead Hand” and in 1983 they where so concerned about a strike comming they had the KGB start a program called “RYAN” where KGB agents in the west observed bases and banks and other infrastrue to observe for signs of preparation in the west many KGB agents knew that the concern was incorrect and made an effort not to make their reports not be alarming in anyway.In 1983 a US Marine Corps barracks was bombed in Beirut and as a result all US bases went to higher level of security this was mistaken by Soviet leadership as a sign of preparation later they found out that the 1983 NATO exercise “Able Archer 83″ was going to include the US SECDEF in part of the training relating to the Pershing medium range ballistic missiles the Soviet leadership felt that this was a sure sign of a possible ruse and that it was going to be a real attack.Also in 1983 the US Navy violated Soviet airspace over Kamchatka so in general both the US and the USSR where on edge.In the end the it was decided not to include the SECDEF in “Able Archer 83″ and around the same time period was when Stanislav Petrov was on watch duty and got what he knew to be false launch alerts from Soviet satellites looking at US silos.The really ironic thing is that this was not Petrovs normal shift the regular guy was ill so he filled in the other good thing is that Petrov had desgined the system and knew it had flaws and his engineering mind did not trust it 100% he based his actions on the fact that he did not fully trust the system and that it was only showing a handful of launches and not hundreds and he did not personally believe that the US attack.

  5. Jesus says:

    Treaties that already exist banning the use of weapons intended to blind people should be expanded upon to include any type of laser weapon.

    • Hirsh says:

      Or maybe treaties that attempt to civilize war and limit the casualties to “acceptable levels”, that politicians can live with, should be banned?

      Just a random thought, that’s all…

      • yojimbo says:

        I agree in the US military we had to learn the Geneva and Hague conventions or LOAC Law of Armed Conflict. To be honest many of the rules contradict themselves or can easily be taken advantage of and I have no doubt that at least some participants from insurgent forces to national forces do not always follow the “rules”.I agree with the idea that the killing of innocents should be avoided but that never works out as planned and that one should treat a surrendering combatant fairly but that does not always happen either.

  6. 0d1n says:

    So, where is a secret laser weapon from 1920x – hyperboloid of Engineer Garin? It was most powerful and lethal laser gun of Soviets..

Leave a Reply

  • Random Post