Today we’ll have a look at a hadron collider of the Nuclear Physics Institute in Novosibirsk. Russian scientists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics, located in the city of Novosibirsk, are trying hard to enhance LHCâ€™s performance 100 times.
Total number of the Institute’s employees accounts for 2900 people.
The entire process started with antiparallel E-beams (AEB-1). The first collider in the world was built in 1963 to examine the possibilities of the beams in experiments on physics of elementary particles. AEB-1 was the first collider where beams circulated and collided with one another in the vertical plane.
Today the Institute can boast of having two accelerators, AEBB-4 and AEBB-2000. Development of AEBB-2000 made it possible to create the greater hadron collider.
Momentary foot cooling with the help of nitrogen.
The new collider has to provide exact measurements of electron-positron annihilation. Positron and electron (particle and anti-particle) can annihilate in collision turning into electromagnetic radiation. In some cases other particles that consist of two or three quarks can be obtained in the result of the collision. Internal composition of protons and neutrons is not examined completely.
Control unit of AEBB-2000.
You are in a control room. Where is your radiation hazard meter?
Are you moving to the AEBB-2000 or to the basement? Do you have a radiation hazard meter with you?
The AEBB-2000 accelerator is a unique facility for carrying out experiments with anti-parallel electron-positron beams of high energies.
The AEBB-4M can measure energy of particles by method of resonance depolarization with relative mistake up to 10-7 which is not available at any other laboratory in the world.
Nowadays most experiments aim at precision measurement of elementary particles mass.