15 Hydropower Plant In Dutshevo Village

Hydropower Plant In Dutshevo Village

Posted on October 27, 2011 by

Hydropower Plant In Dutshino Village 1

In 1920 they approved a plan of electrification of the RSFSR, thus initiating industrialization of the USSR. They began to introduce electricity into agriculture. Small hydropower plants called ‘farm hydropower plants’, supplied farms, stockyards and farmers’ houses with electricity. However, later adoption of big hydropower plants made ‘farm plants’ needless, so the biggest part of them disappeared without a trace. Those which have remained, may be found along the rivers of the USSR, including Moscow area, and this is where we are now.

They built different types of ‘farm hydropower plants’ in the USSR. There were barrage power plans in the western part of the country; in the Caucasus, the Crimea and the Urals, they had derivation power plants. The dams differed as well. There were concrete, metal (movable) and wooden (movable) dams.

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At one of his speeches, Lenin expressed his confidence in the fact that ‘if the Soviet Union gets densely networked with power plants and other engineering structures, in future the country’s communist industry will become a model for would-be-socialist European and Asian countries’. He believed that ‘small power plants became new industrial centers in villages, showing the country’s desire to move forward into the future’.

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Unlike other types of power plants, hydropower plants produce electricity by using water which is renewable. So, the efficiency of hydropower plants was reflected in the number of new plants built; the number was growing year by year. Thus, within a 22-year period they built 680 new ‘farm hydropower plants’, and the leader in hydropower plant construction was Belarus.

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Unfortunately, the only thing which is common for these power plants now is lack of information, both technical and historical. Even their names have not been preserved, so today they are called after the village they are located in. We are in Dutshevo Village in Moscow area, so the hydropower plant is called accordingly, ‘Dutshevskaya’.

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Judging by its remains, the dam was wooden. Such dams were used for 2-4 meter head which corresponds to the relief.

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The main building of the hydropower plant is of most interest. All the turbines have somehow remained.

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15 Responses to “Hydropower Plant In Dutshevo Village”

  1. ayaa says:

    We look at these hydroelectric power plants and think of them as obsolete, when back then they were the cutting edge of technology.
    I wonder whether our grandchildren will look back at our nuclear reactors the same way.

    • Kilroy Was Here says:

      Good point. :-)

    • yojimbo says:

      I am sure that they will.I know that for some time now they have been working on cold fusion and bubble fusion which need no uranium and therefore create no waste and not require a rare resource.

    • Hirsh says:

      With the long-term license extensions that U.S. nuclear plants have been getting lately, American grandchildren are liable to still be working in the same nuclear plant. ;)

  2. geoff says:

    ayaa I think our grandchildren will embrace a safer form of energy production, maybe solar. Lots of houses here in Queensland have solar panels for electricity, they tell us that if every house in Australia had two or three panels we would not need power stations.

    In Japan more than half the population want to stop nuclear power production, they think it has become obsolete already.

    • ayaa says:

      I hope so too. Problem is, solar panels are not a solution for most of Russia. I pretty sure that Australia gets a lot of sunshine, so it’s no problem for you guys.

      personally, I think that fusion reactors are the way forward.

      • Hirsh says:

        Florida would be a great place for solar too, if not for those pesky hurricanes we get and the resulting insurance premiums. But most areas have a strong point for some type of renewable energy. Solar, wind, wave action, geothermal, hydro…we just need to support it!

  3. Dickey Splurge says:

    No country ever has enough electricity. I would think they would want to keep many of these running and sending power into the electrical grid. Hydropower does not create any pollution and is renewable.

  4. Ulrike Meinhof says:

    Still looks Wery modern if ask me, no doubt on that if it where in a bit better condition it still had work wery well again today with the same tecnology. In fact a friend working with a wery similar but a bit smaller construction wich is still in use today, think it´s built by the same time or even earlier.

    (And i will seriously join watching all those downthumbers here on the site slowly being sucked into the turbine hose…)

  5. Great pictures.Sad but poignant.Why do people insist on spray painting,violating, and marking up old buildings and relics of the past.

  6. marxistworker says:

    The intelligent and scientific-minded early Bolsheviks wanted to build a society of progressive egalitarianism. This is but one example.

  7. SMERSH says:

    I think you guys miss the point. These plants were obsolete and impractical from the day they were built. This is one of the problems with communism. Lenin says “All farms shall have power plants!”, and so they are built. But was there truly a long term practical strategy at work? I think all the pictures of abandoned buildings that are so common on this site answer that question. Conversely, look at projects in the USA like the Tennessee Valley Authority. A coherent plan that is still functional today.

    • ayaa says:

      Actually, you have missed the point here, seeing as a lot of such projects that were built before the war, continued to function right up until the break-up of the USSR.

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