Today we’ll visit a unique complex of space monitoring located 9 km away from the Tajik city of Nurek.
The place was chosen in 1970 due to its atmospheric properties such as transparency and stability and number of clear night hours (over 1500 hours a year). Places with similar parameters can be found in the Caucasus and in Tajikistan. However, the complex of Nurek city is located more to the south and embraces a greater amount of objects.
The complex is a property of the Russian Aerospace Security Forces and since 1999 has been functioning as normal. It is called Okno or Window and is capable of detecting, identifying and finding orbits of space objects located 2000-40000 km high and over 1 meter in size. The road to the complex saw last repairs long time ago and is supplied with an indicator warning that there is no passage.
The computer centre. The working principle of the complex is rather simple and allows to discover space objects considering the light they are reflecting.
Space monitoring is carried out at night when both old and new objects are immediately fixed. The catalog of the complex includes 9000 space objects in general. Space communications systems.