Oil is a nurse, pride, cause of wars and intrigues and the main guide of Kazakhstan. This year Kazakhstan has a lot of reasons to celebrate: the 100th anniversary of the oilfield Dossor, the 50th anniversary of the
Mangyshlak petroleum and the 25th anniversary of the oilfield Kumkol. The following photos are taken from rich archives of materials involved in a new book " The Kazakhstan Oil. Its History in Pictures".