At this enterprise they create by breaking. Here they produce… feedstock. But it is not made of ore or oil. It is made of old cars, computers, refrigerators, washing machines, hair dryers, bread machines, TV-sets, and so on.
‘Moscomet’ Co, Ltd does waste recycling in Russia which is pretty common abroad and so rare there. The company is run by Finns and maybe that is why it is so efficient and thorough.
According to the company’s director, it is possible to create an effective waste recycling system in Russia within 3-5 years, provided the support of the government. He added, however, that his business that was so important for the country, did not receive the necessary support but vice versa.
Different kinds of waste are brought to ‘Moscomet': from scrap metal to computers and household appliances. If the exact composition of ‘waste’ is not known, it is sorted out manually. Otherwise, it is forwarded for further separation. The company sells feedstock mostly to metallurgical works. ‘Moscomet’ has around 30 buyers. The metals are separated with the help of magnetic separation. They extract up to 78 kinds of metal. The output of commercial components may reach 90%!
They sell plastic (or granulated plastic, to be more precise). They recycle cars as well (‘cash for clunkers’ program in Moscow). Everybody can recycle his/her car which costs 3 000 rubles (100 dollars). Car accumulators cannot be recycled here, they are sent to Podolsk. They collect all fluids (oil, brake fluid) and send them for recycling to core enterprises. Unfortunately, ‘Moscomet’ does not recycle regular batteries. In Finland they recycle up to 99% of batteries because the producers of batteries pay for their recycling. In Russia they do not. ‘Moscomet’ recycles about 20-30 tons of scrap metal a month.
Just recently this pile of friges (industrial and home) and washing machines was twice as tall.
What you see here used to be cars. The one on top is ‘Moskvich’.
The loader picks up scrap metal and puts it into the grinder-press.
These are old radiators or something like that.