Saint-Petersburg central aeration station located near the Gulf of Finland takes in sewage wastes that come from the central part of the city. Let’s see how they process the water before it enters the Gulf.
The station is located on an artificial island Beliy (White Island). The island was created in 1966 when the area was increased from 16 to 55 hectares. The station was put into operation in 1978 whereas the second line of purification plants was launched in 1985. This aeration station processes up to 1.5 million cubic meters of wastes a day. Through 2 other largest city’s wastewater treatment plants – the Northern aeration station and the Southwest wastewater treatment plant- more than 800 million m3 of sewage is discharged annually, which makes two thirds of all waste waters in St. Petersburg.
First and foremost, wastes are accepted by the main pump station.
After that the wastes go 55 meters high and undergo mechanical and biological cleaning.
Mechanical cleaning is the first stage. Water is freed from garbage that wasn’t found by traps on the main pump station.
Here trap holes are decreased up to 6 mm. Mobile phones, ornamental and bodies of kittens and pups are found at this stage.
At the next stage water is separated from the sand which is later taken to a special polygon.
Water undergoes two types of cleaning including mechanical and biological ones. Streams are distributed over primary drain boxes.
This pump station deals with crude residue.
The station is equipped with 12 aerotanks with corridors that are 200 meters long and intended for biological cleaning. The aerotanks are used to carry out the process of wastes biological oxidation with the help of forced air and active mud microorganisms.